Can You Drink Alcohol When On Birth Control?

Can You Drink Alcohol When On Birth Control
– Alcohol does not affect the functioning of the birth control pill. According to Planned Parenthood, the following forms of contraception will continue to work in the same way if a person drinks alcohol:

birth control pillsintrauterine devices (IUDs)implantspatchesvaginal ringsthe Depo-Provera shotcondoms

With correct use, these methods are 91–99 percent effective. The birth control pill would be 99 percent effective if everyone used it correctly all the time. As they do not, it is about 91 percent effective in reality. If a person drinks so much alcohol that they vomit within 2 hours of taking their pill, it will be less effective.

  • If this happens, they should take another pill as soon as possible and see a doctor for further advice.
  • Alcohol can also affect a person’s judgment and memory.
  • A person consuming an excessive amount of alcohol may forget to take the pill that day.
  • Or, if they use the progestin-only pill (POP), they may forget to take it within the proper timeframe.

The POP is only effective if an individual takes it within the same 3-hour period every day. Missing a dose can cause ovulation, which is when an ovary releases an egg. The 3 days on which a female is most fertile are the 2 days leading up to ovulation and the day it occurs.

Why can’t you drink on birth control?

The bottom line Taking birth control pills and drinking alcohol can cause you to miss doses, which can make your birth control less effective. Some side effects of OCPs — like nausea and headaches — could be made worse with alcohol.

Is it OK to drink birth control?

What are the risks of birth control pills? – Even though birth control pills are very safe, using the combination pill can slightly increase your risk of health problems. Complications are rare, but they can be serious. These include heart attack, stroke, blood clots, and liver tumors.

In very rare cases, they can lead to death. For the most part, progestin-only pills (aka POPs or mini pills) don’t have these risks. When talking with your doctor about birth control, tell them about any medications you’re taking and any health problems you’ve had. There’s a very slight chance that you can get pregnant even if you always take the pill correctly every day.

But if you do get pregnant and accidentally take the pill during the early part of your pregnancy, it won’t increase the risk of birth defects. It’s important to remember that the chance of having any of these problems while taking birth control pills is really, really low for most people.

Can you vape on birth control?

If you have any medical questions or concerns, please talk to your healthcare provider. The articles on Health Guide are underpinned by peer-reviewed research and information drawn from medical societies and governmental agencies. However, they are not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

  • Many of us may know that approximately two-thirds of US people with ovaries ages 15-49 years use some form of birth control as a safe, effective, and truly life-changing tool to help prevent pregnancy.
  • What’s less commonly known is that certain forms of contraception come with serious side effects when coupled with risk factors like smoking cigarettes.

If you’re a smoker, or maybe just curious about the adverse link between nicotine and birth control, continue reading to discover which forms of birth control are fine to use while smoking and which should be avoided. Here’s the TL;DR before diving in:

Combined hormonal birth control methods like combination birth control pills, the patch, and the ring aren’t recommended if you’re over age 35 and smoke cigarettes.Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is also known to increase your blood pressure and heart rate, To be safe, it’s best to avoid any products that contain nicotine while on hormonal birth control.Non-hormonal birth control options (the copper IUD, barrier methods) and progestin-only contraceptives (the minipill, the hormonal IUD, the shot ) won’t interact with smoking cigarettes. The same goes for emergency contraception (like Plan B).If contraceptive pills are your first choice and you smoke cigarettes, consider speaking with your doctor about the progestin-only minipill.Smoking cigarettes can also impact your fertility, so if you’re thinking about having kids in the future, quitting is a good idea.

OB-GYN and Modern Fertility medical advisor Dr. Eva Luo, MD, MBA, FACOG adds that while the rates of cigarette smoking are trending downward on a national level, it continues to be an important consideration when prescribing birth control. “Given the concern with cigarette smoking and fertility, and cigarette smoking and combined hormonal birth control, it is routinely screened for,” she explains.

  • Smoking cigarettes is linked to heart disease (causing one out of four deaths from cardiovascular disease), can double a person’s risk for stroke, can cause a spike in blood pressure and heart rate, and can increase your risk of blood clots.
  • Smoking cigarettes alone is dangerous — and adding combined hormonal birth control onto it is like adding fuel to the fire,” says Dr.

Luo. Here’s how:

According to this report from the ​​Centers for Disease Control (CDC), combined hormonal birth control methods like combination birth control pills, the patch, and the ring should not be used if you’re over age 35 and smoke cigarettes. Why? Research suggests that smoking cigarettes while taking oral contraceptives can increase your risk of serious cardiovascular side effects, such as stroke, heart attack (myocardial infarction), and blood clots (venous thromboembolism).Findings from the World Health Organization offer similar sentiments: Birth control pill users who smoke are at increased risk of heart attack compared with non-smokers, with a positive correlation between risk and number of cigarettes smoked per day. The American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists (ACOG) has also weighed in here, advising doctors to prescribe combination oral contraceptives with caution (if at all) for women who are older than 35 years and smoke.

Nicotine exacerbates the existing risks of hormonal birth control for smokers and other vulnerable populations. While it’s possible for birth control containing estrogen (like the pill) to increase blood pressure, the benefit of a reliable form of pregnancy prevention outweighs that potential risk for most people.

  1. But for those who smoke cigarettes, nicotine’s effects on blood pressure, heart rate, and other causes of heart attacks lead to a heightened risk of heart attack, stroke, or blood clots compared with people who don’t smoke while using hormonal contraceptives.
  2. There’s another factor here aside from cardiovascular risk that suggests hormonal birth control isn’t right for smokers: Research from three large clinical trials found that smokers taking the pill were more likely to experience spotting or bleeding than non-smokers, suggesting that nicotine might influence the way the body breaks down estrogen.
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Another concern is that spotting might turn people off from the pill, causing them to stop taking it and potentially be at risk of pregnancy. Just like regular cigarettes, most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is known to increase your blood pressure and heart rate,

To be safe, it’s best to avoid any products that contain nicotine while on hormonal birth control. Yes. If you plan to take birth control while continuing to smoke cigarettes, it’s really just combined hormonal birth control methods — so the pill, patch, and ring — that should be avoided. ACOG suggests alternative non-hormonal contraceptives like intrauterine devices (IUDs), specifically the copper IUD since it uses copper instead of hormones to prevent pregnancy.

If the pill is still your first choice, speak with your doctor about progestin-only options: the minipill, the hormonal IUD, and the shot. You might also consider the barrier methods of birth control : spermicide, condom, sponge, diaphragm, and cervical cap.

Although slightly less effective than some of the previously mentioned options, they don’t contain hormones so shouldn’t pose an increased cardiovascular health risk. Birth control aside, however, it’s important to understand the risks of smoking cigarettes in general. In addition to the well-documented health effects (e.g., cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, stroke), smoking also speeds up egg-loss rate and reduces the chances of conception each cycle.

If you’re thinking about having kids in the future, quitting before trying to get pregnant will be beneficial.

What happens if a guy drinks birth control?

If a cisgender man or person assigned male at birth takes hormonal birth control (like the pill) once or twice, nothing will happen. Taking birth control pills won’t do anything to help prevent pregnancy for someone assigned male at birth, and may come with some health risks, so only take birth control pills if they were prescribed to you by a doctor or nurse.

While there aren’t any hormonal birth control options for cisgender men and people assigned male at birth right now, there are other options for preventing pregnancy. Condoms are an easy-to-use, affordable, and effective way to prevent both pregnancy and STDs, They’re sold in lots of different stores and online, and you can even get them for free from many health centers.

Note: Birth control pills are not the same as feminizing hormone therapy, Gender-affirming hormone therapy is an option if you want to better match your gender identity and your body. Your doctor or nurse can help you understand your options. No matter your gender, it’s important to discuss your birth control options and hormonal changes with a nurse or doctor.

Can you drink vodka on birth control?

Is It Safe to Drink Alcohol on Birth Control? – In general, it is safe to drink alcohol while on birth control, however, there are some important considerations to be aware of. Alcohol has been found to leave the body slower in women on birth control.9 For instance, alcohol may interfere with a person’s ability to think clearly and move with coordination, and this may cause a person to misuse or even neglect to use contraceptives such as condoms.10,11 This may not only increase their risk of pregnancy but can also increase their chance of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases and infections (STDs/STIs).

Is birth control 100% safe?

Natural family planning – Natural family planning

Perfect use: can be up to 99% effective if the natural family planning methods are followed precisely. These include monitoring cervical secretions and your basal body temperature. It’s more effective if more than 1 method is used and it’s taught by specialist teachers. Up to 1 in 100 women will get pregnant in a year when using this method perfectly. Typical use: around 76% effective, Around 24 in 100 women using natural family planning will get pregnant in a year.

Page last reviewed: 17 April 2020 Next review due: 17 April 2023

What’s the safest birth control?

What’s the best way to prevent pregnancy? – The only 100% certain way to avoid pregnancy is to not have penis-in-vagina sex, or do any sexual stuff where sperm can get on a vulva or in a vagina (this is called abstinence ). But if you’re going to have vaginal sex, the best way to prevent pregnancy is to use a very effective birth control method (like the IUD or implant) plus a condom,

  1. Some types of birth control work better than others.
  2. The kinds of birth control that work the best to prevent pregnancy are the implant and IUDs — they’re also the most convenient to use, and the most foolproof.
  3. Other birth control methods, like the pill, ring, patch, and shot, are also really good at preventing pregnancy if you use them perfectly.

But people aren’t perfect, and these methods are easier to mess up than implants and IUDs. It’s super important to make sure you use your birth control the right way. This means you can’t forget to take your pill, change your ring, or get your shot on time — or you’ll be at risk for pregnancy.

Does nicotine ruin birth control?

Frequently Asked Questions –

  • Can nicotine cancel out birth control? Consuming nicotine in combination with birth control pills can lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular problems. Though it cannot cancel out birth control, it can lead to other dangerous health problems.
  • Is vaping safer than smoking? Lack of research on the use of vapes, cigarettes, and smoking makes it difficult to conclude which is safer. Ultimately, vapes and cigarettes contain the same active ingredient (nicotine), which could mean they are both risky to use while on birth control due to the effect of nicotine on the body. Further research needs to be conducted in this area.
  • Is it safe to smoke while using an IUD? Research indicates that IUDs, as a non-estrogen method of contraception, may be safer for people who smoke. However, it is always essential to talk with your healthcare provider about any substances you are using and medications you are taking, as there may be other potential complications.

Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Shufelt CL, Bairey Merz CN. Contraceptive hormone use and cardiovascular disease, J Am Coll Cardiol,2009;53(3):221-231. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.09.042
  2. Allen AM, Weinberger AH, Wetherill RR, Howe CL, McKee SA. Oral contraceptives and cigarette smoking: a review of the literature and future directions, Nicotine Tob Res,2019;21(5):592-601. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntx258
  3. Planned Parenthood. How safe is the birth control pill?
  4. Benowitz NL, Burbank AD. Cardiovascular toxicity of nicotine: Implications for electronic cigarette use, Trends Cardiovasc Med,2016;26(6):515-523. doi:10.1016/j.tcm.2016.03.001
  5. American Heart Association. How smoking and nicotine damage your body,
  6. Alshaarawy O, Elbaz HA. Cannabis use and blood pressure levels: United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005–2012, J Hypertens,2016;34(8):1507-1512. doi:10.1097/HJH.0000000000000990
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By Geralyn Dexter, LMHC Geralyn is passionate about empathetic and evidence-based counseling and developing wellness-related content that empowers and equips others to live authentically and healthily. Thanks for your feedback!

Does birth control make you gain weight?

Someone asked us: Can birth control make you gain weight? It depends. Most types of birth control don’t affect your weight. But there are some methods that may cause weight gain in some people. There’s been a lot of research on common birth control side effects.

And studies show that the pill, the ring, the patch, and the IUD don’t make you gain weight or lose weight. There are 2 methods of birth control that cause weight gain in some people who use them: the birth control shot and the birth control implant, But this doesn’t happen to everybody who uses these types of birth control.

Many people use the shot or the implant without gaining weight. Everyone’s body is different, so birth control affects everyone a little differently. But birth control shouldn’t cause problems in your everyday life — it’s there to help you. So If you have birth control weight gain and it bothers you, or if you notice other side effects that you don’t like, talk with a nurse or doctor (like the ones at your closest Planned Parenthood health center ).

They may be able to help you find another type of birth control that works better for you. Many people try a few different methods of birth control before finding one that works well for them. Once you stop using your birth control method, any side effects you had will fade within a few months and your body will eventually go back to the way it was before you started using it.

And remember, if you stop using birth control, you’ll be at risk for pregnancy, So if you want to go off birth control and you don’t want to get pregnant, make sure you use another method of birth control (like condoms ). Tags: birth control, weight gain

Does birth control make you sleepy?

– Fatigue is listed as a potential side effect of birth control pills, vaginal rings, and the subdermal implant, says Irobunda. “Side effects, including fatigue, are in part due to the hormones in contraception,” explains Dr. Idries Abdur-Rahman, a board certified OB-GYN in Chicago, Illinois.

Do you have to take the pill at the exact same time every day?

How important is it to take the pill at the same time every day? By | July 1, 2020, 3:24 p.m. Category:, How important is it to take the pill at the exact same time every day? I take it every night, but sometimes there’s a difference in 3 hours at the time I take it from night to night. Will it still be effective as long as I take it every night? It depends on what kind of you’re taking.

If you’re taking a combination pill — which contains the hormones estrogen and progestin — you’re protected against pregnancy as long as you take your pill each day. It doesn’t matter what time you take it (although taking it at the same time every day can help you remember your pill). Most birth control pills are combination pills.

If you’re taking progestin-only pills (which only contain progestin and not estrogen), you must take a pill at the same time each day within a 3-hour window. (For example, if you’ve been taking your pill at noon, and you take it later than 3:00 p.m., you should use a backup method like a condom until you’ve been back on track for 48 hours (2 days).

Why am I bleeding on the pill when I shouldn’t be?

Some women are more likely to experience it. – Breakthrough bleeding happens more often in women who smoke cigarettes and in women who don’t take their birth control pills consistently. Some medications, like emergency contraception pills, also can cause irregular bleeding.

Do guys care about birth control?

It’s funny: We all know that it takes both sperm and an egg to have a baby. However, when it comes down to it, most of the burden for contraception and pregnancy – key components of reproductive health – falls on women. According to a survey done by the Kaiser Family Foundation called “Men’s Role in Preventing Pregnancy,” both men and women agreed that women feel more responsible for the children they bear than do men.

  • Both men and women also said that women have the greater influence on a couple’s decision to have a child.
  • At least one-third of men and 35 percent of women surveyed said that men today feel left out when it comes to birth control and contraception,
  • In fact, more than half the men said they don’t know a lot about contraceptive options, with one in five saying they know little-to-nothing about the subject.

There are several obvious reasons why a man might want to be more involved in reproductive health decision making. The first is that if his partner gets pregnant, he’s the father – a role that carries paternal obligations and responsibilities. Another reason is that in many cultures, even though women are expected to make these kinds of decisions, they may not have enough information or control over the final outcome.

  1. Educating men may be particularly crucial to prevent unintended pregnancies and improve reproductive health.
  2. Men aren’t considered an integral part of reproductive health care.
  3. Since services are not geared to men’s needs, men aren’t likely to take responsibility for their or their partner’s contraceptive choices.

Lastly, with male condoms being the best form of prevention (other than abstinence) against sexually transmitted diseases, men have an incentive to become active participants in their sexual and reproductive health. Sexual-health clinics, obstetrician offices, hospitals, and family-planning services have traditionally been focused on women.

Limited funding for male servicesPredominantly female staffNegative staff attitudesLack of staff training for serving men’s needs

From another angle, there’s no obvious reason for men to visit family-planning clinics. Women are drawn into the health-care system out of a need to get a prescription for contraception, Male-based contraceptive methods are condoms and vasectomy. Condoms are available over-the-counter in many stores; only a small number of men have vasectomies, and then only once.

Most men and women say that men should play more of a role in choosing and using contraception. According to the Kaiser Family Foundation survey, two-thirds of men said that they would be willing to take male birth control pills ; 43 percent would take Depo- Provera shots and 36 percent would get Norplant if they were available for men.

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Depo-Provera and Norplant are birth control solutions available to women that are effective for several months at a time. While scientists are busy working on the “male pill,” men can still be proactive about reproductive health. Web sites devoted to birth control and contraception, as well as other reference books available in bookstores, can also play a role in educating men about birth control.

What are the long term side effects of birth control?

Frequently Asked Questions – What are the Long-Term Effects of Birth Control? Long-term side effects of birth control are rare. Your age, previous health problems, and tobacco use may increase your risk for long-term side effects. These effects can include blood clots, heart attack, cancer, migraines, and mood swings.

  • Can Birth Control Damage Your Body? Complications from using hormonal birth control are uncommon.
  • Using a combination pill, or any other contraceptive method containing estrogen may put you at an increased risk for heart attack, cancer, migraines, blood clots, or stroke.
  • Is it Okay to Be on Birth Control for Years? Many people use birth control for decades without negative side effects.

If you’re healthy and a non-smoker, it’s generally safe to continue taking birth control pills as long as you need them. Make regular appointments with your healthcare provider to discuss how you’re tolerating your chosen birth control method. What are the Negative Effects of Birth Control? In the first few months of starting birth control pills, you may experience breast tenderness, headaches, nausea, irregular periods, and weight gain.

Can a guy take Plan B?

Can my boyfriend pick up the morning after pill for me? By | March 7, 2011, 8:47 p.m. Category:, Can my boyfriend pick up the morning after pill for me? Yes. The morning-after pill is also known as emergency contraception, emergency birth control, backup birth control, and by the brand names Plan B One-Step, ella, and Next Choice.

Plan B One-Step and Next Choice are available from drugstores and health centers without a prescription for women and men 17 and older. If you are interested in getting emergency contraception (also known as the morning-after pill) and are 17 or older, you can either get it directly from or from your local drugstore.

If you are younger than 17, you’ll need to go to a health center or private health care provider for a prescription. ella is not available over the counter at drugstores, but you can get it with a prescription. We all like to be prepared. That is why it’s a great idea to keep some emergency contraception in your medicine cabinet or bedside table in case of an accident.

Can I take 5 birth control pills at once?

Emergency contraception is a birth control method to prevent pregnancy in women. It can be used:

After a sexual assault or rapeWhen a condom breaks or a diaphragm slips out of placeWhen a woman forgets to take birth control pillsWhen you have sex and do not use any birth controlWhen any method of birth control is not used correctly

Emergency contraception most likely prevents pregnancy in the same way as regular birth control pills:

By preventing or delaying the release of an egg from a woman’s ovariesBy preventing the sperm from fertilizing the egg

The two ways you may receive emergency contraception are by:

Using pills that contain a man-made (synthetic) form of the hormone progesterone called progestins. This is the most common method.Having an IUD placed inside the uterus.

CHOICES FOR EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION Two emergency contraceptive pills may be bought without a prescription.

Plan B One-Step is a single tablet.Next Choice is taken as 2 doses. Both pills can be taken at the same time or as 2 separate doses 12 hours apart.Either may be taken for up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse.

Ulipristal acetate (Ella) is a new type of emergency contraception pill. You will need a prescription from a health care provider.

Ulipristal is taken as a single tablet.It may be taken up to 5 days after unprotected sex.

Birth control pills may also be used:

Talk to your provider about the correct dosage.In general, you must take 2 to 5 birth control pills at the same time to have the same protection.

IUD placement is another option:

It must be inserted by your provider within 5 days of having unprotected sex. The IUD that is used contains a small amount of copper.Your doctor can remove it after your next period. You may also choose to leave it in place to provide ongoing birth control.

MORE ABOUT EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS Women of any age can buy Plan B One-Step and Next Choice at a pharmacy without a prescription or visit to a health care provider. Emergency contraception works best when you use it within 24 hours of having sex. However, it may still prevent pregnancy for up to 5 days after you first had sex. You should not use emergency contraception if:

You think you have been pregnant for several days.You have vaginal bleeding for an unknown reason (talk to your provider first).

Emergency contraception may cause side effects. Most are mild. They may include:

Changes in menstrual bleedingFatigueHeadacheNausea and vomiting

After you use emergency contraception, your next menstrual cycle may start earlier or later than usual. Your menstrual flow may be lighter or heavier than usual.

Most women get their next period within 7 days of the expected date.If you do not get your period within 3 weeks after taking emergency contraception, you might be pregnant. Contact your provider.

Sometimes, emergency contraception does not work. However, research suggests that emergency contraceptives have no long-term effects on the pregnancy or developing baby. OTHER IMPORTANT FACTS You may be able to use emergency contraception even if you cannot regularly take birth control pills.

  1. Talk to your provider about your options.
  2. Emergency contraception should not be used as a routine birth control method.
  3. It does not work as well as most types of birth control.
  4. Morning-after pill; Postcoital contraception; Birth control – emergency; Plan B; Family planning – emergency contraception Allen RH, Kaunitz AM, Hickey M, Brennan A.

Hormonal contraception. In: Melmed S, Auchus RJ, Goldfine AB, Koenig RJ, Rosen CJ, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology,14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 18. Rivlin K, Davis AR. Contraception and abortion. In: Gershenson DM, Lentz GM, Valea FA, Lobo RA, eds.

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  • Updated by: John D.
  • Jacobson, MD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA.

Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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