Does Alcohol Help You Sleep?

Does Alcohol Help You Sleep
Alcohol and Sleep Medical Disclaimer: The content on this page should not be taken as medical advice or used as a recommendation for any specific treatment or medication. Always consult your doctor before taking a new medication or changing your current treatment.

  1. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that causes brain activity to slow down.
  2. Alcohol has sedative effects that can induce feelings of relaxation and sleepiness, but the consumption of alcohol — especially in excess — has been linked to poor sleep quality and duration.
  3. People with alcohol use disorders commonly experience insomnia symptoms.

Studies have shown that alcohol use can exacerbate the symptoms of sleep apnea. Drinking alcohol in moderation is generally considered safe but every individual reacts differently to alcohol. As a result, alcohol’s impact on sleep largely depends on the individual.

After a person consumes alcohol, the substance is absorbed into their bloodstream Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) As the nation’s health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health threats. from the stomach and small intestine. Enzymes in the liver eventually metabolize the alcohol, but because this is a fairly slow process, excess alcohol will continue to circulate through the body.

The effects of alcohol largely depend on the person. Important factors include the amount of alcohol and how quickly it is consumed, as well as the person’s age and body composition. The relationship between alcohol and sleep National Institutes of Health (NIH) The NIH, a part of the U.S.

  • Department of Health and Human Services, is the nation’s medical research agency — making important discoveries that improve health and save lives.
  • Has been studied since the 1930s, yet many aspects of this relationship are still unknown.
  • Research has shown that those who drink large amounts of alcohol before bed are often prone to decreased sleep onset latency, meaning they take less time to fall asleep.

As liver enzymes metabolize the alcohol during the night and blood alcohol levels decrease, these individuals are also more likely to experience sleep disruptions and decreases in sleep quality. Does Alcohol Help You Sleep Does Alcohol Help You Sleep To understand how alcohol impacts sleep, it is important to understand the different stages of the human sleep cycle. A normal sleep cycle consists of : three non-rapid eye movement (NREM) stages and one rapid eye movement (REM) stage.

  • Stage 1 (NREM) : This initial stage is the transition period between wakefulness and sleep, during which the body will begin to wind down. The sleeper’s heartbeat, breathing, and eye movements start to slow down and their muscles will relax. Brain activity also begins to decrease. This phase is also known as light sleep.
  • Stage 2 (NREM) : The sleeper’s heartbeat and breathing rates continue to slow as they progress toward deeper sleep. Their body temperature will also decrease and the eyes become still. Stage 2 is usually the longest of the four sleep cycle stages.
  • Stage 3 (NREM) : Heartbeat, breathing rates, and brain activity all reach their lowest levels of the sleep cycle. Eye movements cease and the muscles are totally relaxed. This stage is known as slow-wave sleep.
  • REM : REM sleep begins about 90 minutes after the individual initially falls asleep. Eye movements will restart and the sleeper’s breathing rate and heartbeat will quicken. Dreaming primarily takes place during REM sleep. This stage is also thought to play a role in memory consolidation National Center for Biotechnology Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.,

These four NREM and REM stages repeat in cyclical fashion throughout the night. Each cycle should last roughly 90 to 120 minutes Merck Manual First published in 1899 as a small reference book for physicians and pharmacists, the Manual grew in size and scope to become one of the most widely used comprehensive medical resources for professionals and consumers.

  1. Resulting in four to five cycles for every eight hours of sleep.
  2. For the first one or two cycles, NREM slow-wave sleep is dominant, whereas REM sleep typically lasts no longer than 10 minutes.
  3. For later cycles, these roles will flip and REM will become more dominant, sometimes lasting 40 minutes or longer without interruption.

NREM sleep will essentially cease during these later cycles. Drinking alcohol before bed can increase the suppression of REM sleep during the first two cycles. Since alcohol is a sedative, sleep onset is often shorter for drinkers and some fall into deep sleep rather quickly.

As the night progresses, this can create an imbalance between slow-wave sleep and REM sleep, resulting in less of the latter and more of the former. This imbalance decreases overall sleep quality, which can result in shorter sleep duration and more sleep disruptions., the most common sleep disorder, is marked by periods of difficulty falling or staying asleep.

Insomnia occurs despite the opportunity and desire to sleep, and leads to and other negative effects. Since alcohol can reduce REM sleep and cause sleep disruptions, people who drink before bed often experience insomnia symptoms and feel excessively sleepy National Center for Biotechnology Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.

  1. The following day.
  2. This can lead them into a vicious cycle National Center for Biotechnology Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
  3. That consists of self-medicating with alcohol in order to fall asleep, consuming caffeine and other stimulants during the day to stay awake, and then using alcohol as a sedative to offset the effects of these stimulants.

Binge-drinking – consuming an excessive amount of alcohol in a short period of time that results in a blood alcohol level of 0.08% or higher – can be particularly detrimental to sleep quality. In recent studies, people who took part in binge-drinking on a weekly basis were significantly more likely to have trouble falling and staying asleep.

These findings were true for both men and women. Similar trends were observed in adolescents and young adults National Center for Biotechnology Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information., as well as middle-aged and older adults National Center for Biotechnology Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.

Researchers have noted a link between long-term alcohol abuse and chronic sleep problems. People can develop a tolerance for alcohol rather quickly, leading them to drink more before bed in order to initiate sleep. Those who have been diagnosed with alcohol use disorders frequently report insomnia symptoms.

The Matt Walker Podcast SleepFoundation.org’s Scientific Advisor is a disorder characterized by abnormal breathing and temporary loss of breath during sleep. These lapses in breathing can in turn cause sleep disruptions and decrease sleep quality. occurs due to physical blockages in the back of the throat, while occurs because the brain cannot properly signal the muscles that control breathing.

During apnea-related breathing episodes – which can occur throughout the night – the sleeper may make choking noises. People with sleep apnea are also prone to loud, disruptive snoring. Some studies suggest that alcohol contributes to sleep apnea because it causes the throat muscles to relax, which in turn creates more resistance during breathing.

This can exacerbate OSA symptoms and lead to disruptive breathing episodes, as well as heavier snoring. Additionally, consuming just one serving of alcohol before bed can lead to symptoms of OSA and heavy snoring, even for people who have not been diagnosed with sleep apnea. The relationship between sleep apnea and alcohol has been researched fairly extensively.

The general consensus based on various studies is that consuming alcohol increases the risk of sleep apnea National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. Does Alcohol Help You Sleep? Alcohol may aid with sleep onset due to its sedative properties, allowing you to fall asleep more quickly. However, people who drink before bed often experience disruptions later in their sleep cycle as liver enzymes metabolize alcohol.

  • 12 ounces of beer with 5% alcohol content
  • 5 ounces of wine with 12% alcohol content
  • 1 ounce of liquor or distilled spirits with 40% alcohol content
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Moderate drinking is loosely defined as up to two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women. Heavy drinking means more than 15 drinks per week for men and more than eight drinks per week for women. Will a Small Amount of Alcohol Affect My Sleep? Drinking to excess will typically have a more negative impact on sleep than light or moderate alcohol consumption.

However, since the effects of alcohol are different from person to person, even small amounts of alcohol can reduce sleep quality for some people. One 2018 study compared sleep quality National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.

among subjects who consumed various amounts of alcohol.

  • Low amounts of alcohol : Having fewer than two servings of alcohol per day for men or one serving per day for women decreased sleep quality by 9.3%.
  • Moderate amounts of alcohol : Having two servings of alcohol per day for men or one serving per day for women decreased sleep quality by 24%.
  • High amounts of alcohol : Having more than two servings of alcohol per day for men or one serving per day for women decreased sleep quality by 39.2%.

When Should I Stop Drinking Prior To Bed To Minimize Sleep Disruption? You can manage the negative effects of alcohol on sleep by giving your body ample time to metabolize alcohol before falling asleep. To reduce the risk of sleep disruptions, you should stop drinking alcohol at least four hours National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.

  1. Centers for Disease Control. (2020, January 15). Alcohol and Public Health: Frequently Asked Questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention., Retrieved February 6, 2023, from
  2. Roehrs, T., & Roth, T. Sleep, Sleepiness, and Alcohol Use. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism., Retrieved February 6, 2023, from
  3. Rasch, B., & Born, J. (2013). About Sleep’s Role in Memory. Physiological Reviews, 93(2), 681–766.
  4. Schwab, R. (2020, June). Insomnia and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS). Merck Manual Consumer Version., Retrieved February 6, 2023, from
  5. Park, S., Oh, M., Lee, B., Kim, H., Lee, W., Lee, J., Lim, J., & Kim, J. (2015). The Effects of Alcohol on Quality of Sleep. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 36(6), 294–299.
  6. Coltrain, I., Nicholas, C., & Baker, F. (2018). Alcohol and the Sleeping Brain. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 125, 415–431., Retrieved from
  7. Popovici, I., & French, M. (2013). Binge Drinking and Sleep Problems among Young Adults. Drug and Alcohol Independence, 132, 207–215.
  8. Canham, S., Kaufmann, C., Mauro, P., Mojtabai, R., & Spira, A. (2015). Binge Drinking and Insomnia in Middle-aged and Older Adults: The Health and Retirement Study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 30(3), 284–291.
  9. Simou, E., Britton, J., & Leonardi-Bee, J. (2018). Alcohol and the risk of sleep apnoea: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine, 42, 38–46.
  10. Pietilä, J., Helander, E., Korhonen, I., Myllymäki, T., Kujala, U., & Lindholm, H. (2018). Acute Effect of Alcohol Intake on Cardiovascular Autonomic Regulation During the First Hours of Sleep in a Large Real-World Sample of Finnish Employees: Observational Study. JMIR Mental Health, 5(1), e23.
  11. Stein, M.D., & Friedmann, P.D. (2005). Disturbed sleep and its relationship to alcohol use. Subst Abuse, 26(1):1-13.

: Alcohol and Sleep

Is alcohol make you sleepy?

Alcohol and fatigue – Harvard Health Does Alcohol Help You Sleep Image: KatarzynaBialasiewicz/Thinkstock Many people think that a little nightcap will help them sleep soundly through the night. Although alcohol’s sedative effects can make you drowsy, they also have other effects that can interfere with quality sleep.

Several hours after that nightcap, the alcohol raises the body’s level of epinephrine, a stress hormone that increases the heart rate and generally stimulates the body, which can result in nighttime awakenings. Indeed, alcohol may account for 10% of cases of persistent insomnia. Alcohol also relaxes throat muscles, and this relaxation can worsen sleep-related breathing problems and contribute to sleep apnea.

What’s more, alcohol may increase the need to urinate during the night — just another way in which it can disrupt sleep. Alcohol’s sedative quality can rob you of energy in another way. Drinking wine, beer, or hard liquor during the day can make you feel drowsy or lethargic.

When should I drink alcohol for good sleep?

Conroy recommends avoiding it at least three hours before bed. ‘It’s sedating at first, so it can help you fall asleep, but can interfere with staying asleep. And so to avoid that we generally use a three-hour guideline,’ she says.

How much alcohol should I drink before bed?

2. Limit Yourself to One or Two Alcoholic Drinks – How much you drink matters. When you drink less alcohol in the evening it doesn’t impact your sleep in the same way that more excessive drinking does. Remember, even if it’s just one drink, time it so that you’re finished at least four hours before your normal bedtime.

Why do I feel well rested after drinking?

After drinking, production of adenosine (a sleep-inducing chemical in the brain) is increased, allowing for a fast onset of sleep.

Will a shot of whiskey help you sleep?

By Elizabeth Abrahamsen – There’s no doubt that whiskey is country music’s favorite drink. Believe it or not, consuming whiskey in the right dosage may have a positive effect on your health and not just a hangover the next morning. Whiskey gets its name from the Gaelic word “uisge beatha,” meaning “water of life,” so raise your glass and toast to these 10 potential health benefits of drinking whiskey.

Weight loss aid Yes, you read that right. Because whiskey is a low-carb drink, it makes it the perfect choice for anyone who is watching their weight. The American Society for Clinical Nutrition published a study in 1991 that suggested that moderate intake increases energy and decreases the desire for sugar (sucrose) intake. If you’re counting your calories, a shot of whiskey is 64. So put down that beer and have a shot of Wild Turkey instead.Cancer Prevention Another great health benefit of whiskey is its high concentration of ellagic acid, a powerful antioxidant that can neutralize cancer-causing free radicals in the human body. Single malt whiskey is said to contain more antioxidants than red wine. So she can be his glass of wine, and he can be her shot of whiskey, and they’ll both reap the health benefits.Stroke Prevention As with all the health benefits of whiskey, the key is to consume in moderation. Because of its blood-thinning properties, a daily shot of whiskey can lower a person’s risk of ischemic (clot-caused) stroke.Whiskey treats the common cold You probably grew up hearing that drinking a Hot Toddy is a great palliative for a cold. Unlike other home remedies, this one has its basis in science. The ingredients of this favorite winter beverage have many of the same properties as a dose of Nyquil. Whiskey acts as a decongestant by dilating your blood vessels, while the honey, lemon, and herbal tea have anesthetic properties and can loosen mucus.It’s a stress destroyer You’ve probably headed to the bar after a bad week at work to try to erase your troubles, but you may not know that a shot of whiskey can actually help you relax. The barbiturate effect of the alcohol can reduce stress, and also has sedative properties to help you sleep if you’re experiencing anxiety. This is why whiskey is a classic choice of nightcap for badasses the world over.Lowers the risk of dementia If you’ve ever woken up from an evening of heavy drinking unable to remember what you did the night before you may not believe it, but a study published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information concluded that drinking one to six drinks weekly could lower your risk of dementia over and above avoiding alcohol completely.It aids digestion Whiskey has historically been used as a digestif in many cultures throughout the ages. If you’ve had a heavy meal, an after-dinner shot of Maker’s may be just what you need to finish it off properly.Helps prevent diabetes Whereas consuming alcohol is not recommended for patients with diabetes, studies have shown that long-term moderate alcohol intake can help the body regulate insulin, which could potentially reduce your risk of contracting type 2 diabetes. However, heavy drinking can increase your risk.Can soothe a sore throat Maybe it’s the whiskey river that gave Willie his sweet voice because it’s certainly good for a sore throat. Mix whiskey, warm water, and honey to make a delicious cure for a sore throat. The alcohol in the whiskey acts as an antiseptic and numbing agent on aching tonsils and the honey creates a thick coating that will help the healing effects last longer. You can gargle it, sip it or both if you like.Prolong Your Life A 2010 study released by the Research Society on Alcoholism found that middle-aged and older adult moderate drinkers had a lower overall mortality rate than heavy drinkers or even non-drinkers. So raise a glass of your favorite uisge beatha and toast to long(er) life!

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One for me, one for you.

What is the alcohol limit in the Netherlands?

Alcohol, drugs and driving It is an offence to drive a vehicle while under the influence of a substance such as alcohol, medication or drugs that may impair driving ability. This is stated in Section 8 of the 1994 Road Traffic Act. In the Netherlands, there are strict regulations with regard to alcohol and driving.

Why are some alcoholics so skinny?

Alcohol and Weight-loss – Some people have said that drinking alcohol increases appetite, and so can lead to overeating and weight gain. Ethanol, the kind of alcohol in alcoholic drinks, and fat from foods have approximately the same amount of calories; but people with alcoholism tend not to be affected by obesity, mainly because they are often malnourished, having replaced a portion of their food calories with calories from alcohol.

Some turn to alcohol, just as others turn to cigarettes or drugs, as a way to replace the comfort they find in food. A 2005 study looked at people who drank alcoholic drinks regularly. It showed that people who drank the smallest amount (one drink per day) with the greatest frequency (three to seven days per week) had a lower body mass index (BMI) than those who drank more infrequently, but in larger amounts.

While we can’t claim a cause and effect from the results, they may show a relationship between over-drinking and overeating. In addition, a small study of 14 men who added two glasses of red wine to their evening meal every day for 12 weeks, showed no measured effect on the weight, body fat or calorie intake of the men involved.

Why do intelligent people drink more alcohol?

CULTURE OF DRINKING: Why smart people drink more and stay up later 640″> Does Alcohol Help You Sleep University of Victoria psychology professor Martin Smith holds a glass of wine and a model of the human brain in his campus office. Smith specializes in evolutionary psychology and gave a talk earlier this year on research that links higher intelligence and alcohol consumption The more intelligent you are, the more alcohol you tend to drink.

  • The research behind the theory springs from London-based evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa who developed a theory for why people with IQs measured over 125, in general, drink markedly more than those of lower general intelligence.
  • Kanazawa believes that highly intelligent people have a module of mind – a specific mechanism in their thinking – which allows them to deal with evolutionary novel stimuli and situations, such as alcohol.
  • As the theory goes, given that alcohol is new in terms of evolution, our ability to react to the stimuli springs from a module of mind developed to deal with an array of special situations – from natural disasters to other infrequent events and ultimately relates to our general intelligence.
  • When Smith presented the research in a February lecture series, UVic students were particularly receptive to the idea that smart people not only drank more, but also had a tendency to push past the evolutionary urge to go to bed when the sun sets and remain productive post nightfall.
  • “It’s very traditional for university students to stay up late doing a variety of things – surfing the web, studying, partying when they look at this data and compare it to their own lives and the people they know, certainly they can see the phenomena here,” said Smith, admittedly, a “prime offender” of drinking wine and staying up late.
  • Smith points out that highly intelligent people are well aware of the dangers of the substance due to their smarts, yet still, the relationship exists.

“It’s a surprising theory that I love,” Smith said, adding that concept of modules of the mind is a huge step in furthering our understanding of the brain. “In my mind it’s a good idea. It’s a very clever idea and, in my mind, it’s at least partly true.”

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  2. Part of our series on alcohol use in Greater Victoria
  3. UNBORN’S UNFAIR BURDEN: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and the people devoted to understanding the invisible, pervasive condition caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol

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See also:  How Unhealthy Is Alcohol?

What is the 10 3 2 1 0 sleep rule?

The ’10-3-2-1-0 formula’ can help you sleep better and wake up in the morning feeling refreshed, and it’s dead simple Struggling to get a good night’s ? We’ve all been there, and when you’re struggling with, you’ll try anything in the bid to get some decent shut-eye.

  • And the good thing is there’s no shortage of expert-approved sleep hacks to try: there’s the, the, – and now, a US doctor on Instagram has gone viral for sharing a lifestyle trick that could help us sleep more soundly. Dr.
  • Jess Andrade recently caught the attention of thousands of people after her Instagram reel explaining “sleep hygiene basics” took off online.

In the video, Dr. Andrade introduces the “10-3-2-1-0 Method”, a step-by-step guide on how to prepare yourself for a night of optimal sleep throughout the day. This content can also be viewed on the site it from. She begins by giving us news that some of us coffee lovers may not take too well: you shouldn’t have any caffeinated drinks ten hours before you plan on going to bed.

“Caffeinated drinks will clear from the blood stream in around 10 hours and eliminate the stimulatory effects,” she wrote in the caption, explaining the first step. She then went onto the second point of the method, telling us that “finishing eating big meals or alcohol three hours before can help reduce symptoms of reflux and alcohol impairs your natural sleep cycle reducing good quality sleep” – a fact you’ve probably heard but chosen to ignore a few times before.

Around two hours before hitting the hay, Dr. Andrade suggested relaxing the brain stopping any tasks or work-related things and saving it for the next day to give yourself a mental rest. Finally, she said that reducing your use of electronics and screen time an hour before bed is essential to getting good quality sleep as the blue light disrupts the body’s natural sleep cycle.

10 hours before bed: No more caffeine. 3 hours before bed: No more food or alcohol. 2 hours before bed: No more work. 1 hour before bed: No more screen time (shut off all phones, TVs and computers). 0: The number of times you’ll need to hit snooze in the AM.

As Dr. Andrade states in her post, this is purely a tip and may not be suitable for everyone – especially if you have specific health conditions. It may also not work for everyone but it’s certainly worth a try if you don’t get enough slumber. : The ’10-3-2-1-0 formula’ can help you sleep better and wake up in the morning feeling refreshed, and it’s dead simple

What is the best alcohol to not get tired?

Keep it low-proof. – Downing dirty martinis or other stout cocktails like Old Fashioneds is not a good day-drinking strategy. As Odell advises in her book, “in an effort not to get full-blown wasted, and instead maintain a mellow buzz, the answer here is: low-alcohol libations.” Most beers or ciders will fit the bill; if you really want to keep it mellow, try a beer cocktail like a shandy or a radler, which dials down the ABV with the addition of lemonade, orange or grapefruit juice, or soda.

Will a shot of whiskey help you sleep?

By Elizabeth Abrahamsen – There’s no doubt that whiskey is country music’s favorite drink. Believe it or not, consuming whiskey in the right dosage may have a positive effect on your health and not just a hangover the next morning. Whiskey gets its name from the Gaelic word “uisge beatha,” meaning “water of life,” so raise your glass and toast to these 10 potential health benefits of drinking whiskey.

Weight loss aid Yes, you read that right. Because whiskey is a low-carb drink, it makes it the perfect choice for anyone who is watching their weight. The American Society for Clinical Nutrition published a study in 1991 that suggested that moderate intake increases energy and decreases the desire for sugar (sucrose) intake. If you’re counting your calories, a shot of whiskey is 64. So put down that beer and have a shot of Wild Turkey instead.Cancer Prevention Another great health benefit of whiskey is its high concentration of ellagic acid, a powerful antioxidant that can neutralize cancer-causing free radicals in the human body. Single malt whiskey is said to contain more antioxidants than red wine. So she can be his glass of wine, and he can be her shot of whiskey, and they’ll both reap the health benefits.Stroke Prevention As with all the health benefits of whiskey, the key is to consume in moderation. Because of its blood-thinning properties, a daily shot of whiskey can lower a person’s risk of ischemic (clot-caused) stroke.Whiskey treats the common cold You probably grew up hearing that drinking a Hot Toddy is a great palliative for a cold. Unlike other home remedies, this one has its basis in science. The ingredients of this favorite winter beverage have many of the same properties as a dose of Nyquil. Whiskey acts as a decongestant by dilating your blood vessels, while the honey, lemon, and herbal tea have anesthetic properties and can loosen mucus.It’s a stress destroyer You’ve probably headed to the bar after a bad week at work to try to erase your troubles, but you may not know that a shot of whiskey can actually help you relax. The barbiturate effect of the alcohol can reduce stress, and also has sedative properties to help you sleep if you’re experiencing anxiety. This is why whiskey is a classic choice of nightcap for badasses the world over.Lowers the risk of dementia If you’ve ever woken up from an evening of heavy drinking unable to remember what you did the night before you may not believe it, but a study published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information concluded that drinking one to six drinks weekly could lower your risk of dementia over and above avoiding alcohol completely.It aids digestion Whiskey has historically been used as a digestif in many cultures throughout the ages. If you’ve had a heavy meal, an after-dinner shot of Maker’s may be just what you need to finish it off properly.Helps prevent diabetes Whereas consuming alcohol is not recommended for patients with diabetes, studies have shown that long-term moderate alcohol intake can help the body regulate insulin, which could potentially reduce your risk of contracting type 2 diabetes. However, heavy drinking can increase your risk.Can soothe a sore throat Maybe it’s the whiskey river that gave Willie his sweet voice because it’s certainly good for a sore throat. Mix whiskey, warm water, and honey to make a delicious cure for a sore throat. The alcohol in the whiskey acts as an antiseptic and numbing agent on aching tonsils and the honey creates a thick coating that will help the healing effects last longer. You can gargle it, sip it or both if you like.Prolong Your Life A 2010 study released by the Research Society on Alcoholism found that middle-aged and older adult moderate drinkers had a lower overall mortality rate than heavy drinkers or even non-drinkers. So raise a glass of your favorite uisge beatha and toast to long(er) life!

One for me, one for you.

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