Is Benzyl Alcohol Alcohol?

Is Benzyl Alcohol Alcohol
Abstract – Benzyl Alcohol is an aromatic alcohol used in a wide variety of cosmetic formulations as a fragrance component, preservative, solvent, and viscosity-decreasing agent. Benzoic Acid is an aromatic acid used in a wide variety of cosmetics as a pH adjuster and preservative.

Sodium Benzoate is the sodium salt of Benzoic Acid used as a preservative, also in a wide range of cosmetic product types. Benzyl Alcohol is metabolized to Benzoic Acid, which reacts with glycine and excreted as hippuric acid in the human body. Acceptable daily intakes were established by the World Health Organization at 5 mg/kg for Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate.

Benzoic Acid and Sodium Benzoate are generally recognized as safe in foods according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. No adverse effects of Benzyl Alcohol were seen in chronic exposure animal studies using rats and mice. Effects of Benzoic Acid and Sodium Benzoate in chronic exposure animal studies were limited to reduced feed intake and reduced growth.

Some differences between control and Benzyl Alcohol-treated populations were noted in one reproductive toxicity study using mice, but these were limited to lower maternal body weights and decreased mean litter weights. Another study also noted that fetal weight was decreased compared to controls, but a third study showed no differences between control and Benzyl Alcohol-treated groups.

Benzoic Acid was associated with an increased number of resorptions and malformations in hamsters, but there were no reproductive or developmental toxicty findings in studies using mice and rats exposed to Sodium Benzoate, and, likewise, Benzoic Acid was negative in two rat studies.

Genotoxicity tests for these ingredients were mostly negative, but there were some assays that were positive. Carcinogenicity studies, however, were negative. Clinical data indicated that these ingredients can produce nonimmunologic contact urticaria and nonimmunologic immediate contact reactions, characterized by the appearance of wheals, erythema, and pruritus.

In one study, 5% Benzyl Alcohol elicited a reaction, and in another study, 2% Benzoic Acid did likewise. Benzyl Alcohol, however, was not a sensitizer at 10%, nor was Benzoic Acid a sensitizer at 2%. Recognizing that the nonimmunologic reactions are strictly cutaneous, likely involving a cholinergic mechanism, it was concluded that these ingredients could be used safely at concentrations up to 5%, but that manufacturers should consider the nonimmunologic phenomena when using these ingredients in cosmetic formulations designed for infants and children.

  • Additionally, Benzyl Alcohol was considered safe up to 10% for use in hair dyes.
  • The limited body exposure, the duration of use, and the frequency of use were considered in concluding that the nonimmunologic reactions would not be a concern.
  • Because of the wide variety of product types in which these ingredients may be used, it is likely that inhalation may be a route of exposure.

The available safety tests are not considered sufficient to support the safety of these ingredients in formulations where inhalation is a route of exposure. Inhalation toxicity data are needed to complete the safety assessment of these ingredients where inhalation can occur.

Is benzyl alcohol considered alcohol free?

Although the term ‘alcohol’ is used in the name, it does not contain any ethanol, the volatile alcohol found in alcoholic beverages and mouthwash products, and may be present in products that are considered alcohol free.

How much alcohol is in benzyl alcohol?

BENZYL ALCOHOL – Benzyl alcohol (α-hydroxytoluene) is an aromatic alcohol used as an antimicrobial preservative at concentrations ranging from 0.9% to 2.0% in many multidose medication vials and parenteral solutions. It is readily oxidized in vivo to benzoic acid, and conjugated with glycine to form hippuric acid.

  • Neonates have reduced capacity to metabolize benzoic acid, and toxicity may result from bioaccumulation of benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid with repetitive dosing.
  • Neonates inadvertently given 100 to 240 mg/kg/day of benzyl alcohol (mostly in bacteriostatic catheter flush solutions) developed a syndrome of CNS depression, severe metabolic acidosis, gasping respiration, thrombocytopenia, hepatorenal failure, seizures, intracranial hemorrhage, bradycardia, skin breakdown, cardiovascular collapse, and death, termed the “gasping baby syndrome.” 28 The evidence for causation rests on the original case-control description, elevated concentrations of serum and urine metabolites, and the disappearance of the syndrome with the removal of bacteriostatic solutions from the nursery.28, 29 A reduction in kernicterus, intracranial hemorrhage, neurologic deficit, and perhaps mortality has also been associated with elimination of benzyl alcohol solutions in neonates.30–32 The daily dose of benzyl alcohol should not exceed 5 mg/kg body weight.33 Some common parenteral medications formulated with benzyl alcohol include amiodarone, atracurium, atropine sulfate, bacteriostatic water and saline for injection, bumetanide, chlordiazepoxide, diazepam, furosemide, glycopyrrolate, heparin, hydroxyzine, metoclopramide, midazolam, lorazepam, pancuronium, physostigmine, procainamide, prochlorperazine, succinylcholine, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

Read full chapter URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780721606934500372

What type of alcohol is benzyl alcohol?

Benzyl alcohol is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohols and is a primary alcohol.

Is benzyl alcohol halal or haram?

What You Need To Know About Halal Beauty May 02, 2021 Posted by Sen Vu As we welcome the month of Ramadan which is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar celebrated by Muslims around the world as the holy month of fasting reflection and worship, we want to take this opportunity to dive deep into ”Halal Beauty” that adheres to Islamic law.

Today we’ll be discussing Halal Beauty and Skincare regime during Ramadan with the lovely sister, Keyaani, also as known as, a skincare enthusiast. We have heard of Halal foods but what does the term Halal mean in relation to cosmetics and beauty products? In recent years there has been popularity in vegan and organic skincare, is Halal another trend that is coming to the forefront? What is Halal? Halal is an Arabic term, meaning ”permissible”.

It is one of the principles referring to the ruling that ” with regard to everything that is of benefit on earth, and what man may attain thereof, making use of it is permissible, so long as there is no evidence to indicate that it is prohibited. ”,

  1. Simply put, Halal beauty products must not contain any animal-derived ingredients, alcohol or ingredients that are unclean in Islam.
  2. Secondly they need to be cruelty-free and only use ingredients that are allowed under Islamic law.
  3. Purity and cleanliness of the sources from which products are derived and the process by which they are made.

There is a common misconception that halal cosmetics are just for Muslims and this isn’t the case. Halal is a way of life that benefits an individual in their physical and spiritual wellbeing. Halal beauty products are for anyone who wants to use cruelty-free, alcohol free and vegan products.

  1. It is also suitable for those with sensitive skin types.
  2. What Ingredients Should Be Avoided The skin is the largest organ of your body and it is porous meaning that it absorbs whatever you put on it.
  3. For those wanting to use Halal Beauty products and are ingredient conscious these are the following ingredients you should avoid.

Carmine – A red pigment from cochineal (crushed beetles) Keratin – A popular hair care ingredient. It is a natural protein often derived from animals. Oleic Acid, Lanolin and Gelatin – These are all derived from animal matter. Alcohol – This is not permissible for Muslims.

  • Animal Fat – There are two main sources of glycerine which are vegetable fats and animal fats.
  • The main source of glycerine is tallow which is sourced from beef or mutton.
  • However, ingredients such as honey, beeswax and synthetic alcohol are allowed.
  • According to by, the following synthetic alcohols are permissible for external usage; ” In principle, alcohol derived from dates, grapes, wheat and raisins are not permissible.

Alcohol derived from any other sources is permissible for external usage.

Benzyl alcohol is produced naturally by many plants or may even be synthetically manufactured. Therefore benzyl alcohol found in creams and cosmetics is permissible.

Cetyl alcohol in this day and age is derived from palm oil and may also be synthetically produced, hence permissible for external usage.

Cetearyl, cetostearyl and cetylstearyl alcohol are synonyms. These alcohols are a combination of fatty alcohols, often cetyl and stearyl alcohol make up the major components. Fatty alcohols are commonly derived from vegetable oils. These are also permissible for external usage.”

Halal beauty products put simply is another category of beauty products that everyone can use and enjoy. Now, keep scrolling for the best Halal K-Beauty brands and products. While they might not be certified, many products are Halal-friendly. COSRX Low pH Good Morning Gel Cleanser A super gentle cleanser doesn’t strip your skin of its natural oils and contains purifying botanical ingredients and mild acids to gently cleanse your skin to its most supple and clear texture. It’s great for sensitive and dry skin, but does the job no matter what your skin type.

  • This cleanser is Cruelty free, Vegan and Alcohol-free.
  • Lairs – Supple Preparation Facial Toner/ Unscented Toner Need no introduction, this favourite K-beauty brand f ocuses on developing functional products meant for sensitive skin.
  • It is a cruelty-free, vegan, and eco-friendly brand.
  • The toner balances the skin’s pH level and improves the effectiveness of your entire skincare regime, helping you to achieve your best skin yet.
See also:  Hoeveel Microgram Alcohol?

The unscented toner is the essential oil-free version of the original toner, making suitable for those with very sensitive skin. Banobagi Milk Thistle Repair Line Formulated with milk thistle extract which has a high amount of silymarin to help repair and strengthen the skin barrier, the Milk Thistle Repair Line from Banobagi will help soothe and hydrate sensitive skin while helping protect the skin from free radicals and harmful UV rays to prevent premature aging.

All components with EWG Green Grade and safe formula. Aromatica Hair Care Allow your mane to grow naturally lush and gorgeous with Aromatica Hair Care products. Only plant-derived ingredients are used to keep the scalp and hair healthy. Aromatica hair care products are Vegan, Cruelty free, Sulfate free and Silicone free.

This article was written by @ About Keyaani: ”I am a self-confessed skincare lover, face mask hoarder and Korean skincare fan. I created my Instagram account @keyaani_ as a way to share my skincare experience. I love how supportive the skincare community is and through it have connected with some amazing people.

The thing with skincare is that it is never static. It is always evolving and theres always something new to learn.” Now the fun part, let’s learn more about how the lovely Keyaani takes care of her skin during Ramadan and her thoughts on Halal Beauty.1. How is your Ramadan fasting during the pandemic? Working from home and being able to fast has been a blessing.

It gives me extra time to focus on my prayers and I am able to manage the long fasts better. Yes I do sometimes nap in my lunch break. I am missing out on not meeting family and with the current restrictions I think Eid celebrations will also be limited.2.

  1. What’s your everyday skincare routine? I have to admit during Ramadhan I have cut back on my skincare and have been sticking to minimal routine.
  2. That being said face mists and hydration have been a must.
  3. My skincare routine consists of cleanse, sometimes tone, moisturise and SPF is a must.
  4. I like to face mists throughout the day.3.

Do you have any favourite product to reach out during Ramadan? And do you have any tips for those who are fasting but want to maintain healthy-looking skin? Yes my skincare has definitely changed in Ramadhan. I feel as if I have stripped back on skincare but have been focusing on key elements such as hydrations via creams, sleeping packs and mists.I.

  1. Have been using sheet masks here and there but I have to admit I have been feeling a bit cold and sheet masks can have that extra cooling effect so I’ve been using them sparingly.4.
  2. Do you have any favourite product to reach out during Ramadan? And do you have any tips for those who are fasting but want to maintain healthy-looking skin? I think it’s about being consistent with skincare.

I have significantly cut down the products I have used but have kept the staple products in my routine. The products that I am currently using are Banobagi Calming care line cleanser and calming care moisture cream. I have also been multi-misting. I am really enjoying the d’alba First spray serum and d’alba Vital spray serum.5.

What are your thoughts on Halal beauty? There is a common misconception that halal cosmetics are just for Muslims and this isn’t the case. Halal beauty products are for anyone who want to use cruelty-free, alcohol free and vegan products. It is also suitable for those with sensitive skin types. I think it is a great category to have to provide consumers with an alternative choice.

For those who observing the month of Ramadan, what are your thoughts on Halal Beauty? We hope you may find this article helpful and have a better understanding about Halal Beauty and what ingredients you should avoid in beauty products. : What You Need To Know About Halal Beauty

Is benzyl alcohol okay in skincare?

Benzyl Alcohol Is Super Common in Skincare—But Is It Safe? The easiest way to get a debate going in the beauty community is by bringing up the topic of preservatives—and are at the forefront of that discussion. Some believe them to be toxic endocrine disruptors, while others say not enough research exists to support those claims.

  • In an attempt to avoid the issue completely, many beauty companies are reformulating without the use of parabens in favor of alternative ingredients.
  • And in the wake of those changes, consumers are left to wonder about the safety of the other ingredients being used instead, like benzyl alcohol, and whether or not preservatives are all that important in the first place.

So what’s the deal? Dermatologist Jessica Krant, MD, says that preservatives do have an important role and deserve a place in your skincare products. “Preservatives are vital for any product that we want to last more than a few days in the bottle—and not have to keep in the refrigerator,” she explains.

They help to keep germs out and to keep the products from turning rancid or discolored.” But because some might still be on the fence about using preservatives, we turned to Krant as well as two other experts for their opinions on one of the more common paraben alternatives. Here’s what these experts have to say about the specific ingredient benzyl alcohol and whether or not you’re safe to use it in your skincare.

Benzyl Alcohol Type of ingredient: Preservative, antioxidant, and solvent Main benefits: Preserves, stabilizes, and dissolves ingredients Who should use it: In general, benzyl alcohol is safe to use by anyone who does not have a true contact allergy to it.

  • How often can you use it: Benzyl alcohol is safe to use daily if you’re not sensitive to it and if it’s used at a low concentration.
  • Works well with: Benzyl alcohol works well with most, if not all, other ingredients.
  • Don’t use with: Benzyl alcohol works well with most, if not all, other ingredients.

Although it’s most widely known as benzyl alcohol, the aromatic alcohol also goes by a few other names, such as benzene methanol or phenylcarbinol. It’s derived from fruit (usually cranberries and apricots, says Yadav), comes in the form of a colorless liquid, and has a slightly sweet scent.

  • As a multifunctional ingredient, you can spot benzyl alcohol on the ingredient label of many different skincare, cosmetic, and personal products, such as moisturizers, lip balms, face washes, and even makeup.
  • According to Wong, it’s primarily used in product formulation as a preservative to stop microorganisms from overgrowing in products, which could later lead to an infection.

“It’s mostly used because of the scaremongering about parabens,” Wong says. “Since a lot of consumers are worried about parabens, alternative preservatives have to be used for marketing reasons. It’s found naturally, so companies can use it in products and still market them as ‘natural.'” Besides possibly having antioxidant effects in certain formulas, benzyl alcohol doesn’t have any specific benefits for your skin itself, but rather helps to optimize skincare formulas so that they can better perform for your skin.

  • Preserves the product: According to Yadav, benzyl alcohol acts as a preservative in skincare and cosmetic products due to its antibacterial and anti-fungal properties. “Any cosmetic or personal care product that is made with no preservatives (for example, preservative-free eye drops) generally comes in individual single-use containers to prevent contamination by contact or air,” Krant says. Benzyl alcohol allows products to be bottled in larger packages designed for more than one use.
  • Stabilizes the formula: Krant adds that the ingredient also acts as a stabilizing agent against the oxidative breakdown of the product, which means it allows your products to work more effectively for a longer period.
  • Has antioxidant activity: Krant says benzyl alcohol also has antioxidant properties, and antioxidants protect against free-radical damage.
  • Dissolves ingredients: Benzyl alcohol acts as a solvent and helps to dissolve other ingredients in a product’s formula.
  • Decreases viscosity: Benzyl alcohol also decreases viscosity, which allows products to flow more easily.
  • Imparts a nice scent: As an aromatic alcohol, benzyl alcohol is naturally fragrant and gives off a slightly sweet scent. Yadav says it’s also naturally found in some essential oils, including ylang-ylang and jasmine, and has a delicate floral scent.

“Benzyl alcohol is considered to be a safe ingredient in skincare and cosmetics when used on intact skin,” Krant says. With that said, you might have seen benzyl alcohol on a list of “bad” alcohols once or twice before.

  • Can cause itching for some people: “As is the case for most preservatives, benzyl alcohol can, unfortunately, be an irritant and cause itching for some people,” says Krant.
  • Toxicity is possible with overuse: “Toxicity is a possibility with excessive ingestion, which is not considered a risk with normal usage,” says Wong, adding that it’s safe when used at a low concentration—and it usually is in well-formulated products.
See also:  Am I Becoming An Alcoholic?

However, Yadav points out that only in rare cases is someone actually allergic to benzyl alcohol. If you experience an adverse reaction (such as swelling, or redness) to products containing benzyl alcohol and suspect you could have an allergy to it, Krant says this can be identified through formal skin allergy patch testing with your dermatologist or allergist.

As for more serious risks of using the preservative in your products, those concerns aren’t as valid. “The potential for allergenicity is low, and low risk of toxicity,” Krant says. As long as you don’t have an allergy to benzyl alcohol, Krant and Wong say it’s totally fine to use in your regular skincare routine.

Because the ingredient is included in such a wide range of cosmetics, the time of day you would apply it, as well as the step in your routine, depends on each specific product. FAQ

  • What is the difference between benzyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol? Isopropyl alcohol is responsible for killing bacteria upon contact while benzyl alcohol works to prevent bacteria from entering in the first place.
  • Is benzyl alcohol safe to ingest? No. Benzyl alcohol can cause harm when ingested.
  • Is benzyl alcohol natural? Benzyl alcohol is considered a natural preservative, but it can also be synthetically made.

Byrdie takes every opportunity to use high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our to learn more about how we keep our content accurate, reliable and trustworthy.

  1. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Updated February 14, 2022.
  2. Johnson W, Bergfeld WF, Belsito DV, et al., Int J Toxicol,2017;36(3_suppl):5S-30S. doi:10.1177/1091581817728996
  3. National Center for Biotechnology Information., Updated February 14, 2022.

: Benzyl Alcohol Is Super Common in Skincare—But Is It Safe?

Does alcohol free mean no alcohol?

Reduce your risk – Alcohol-free drinks can contain a small amount of alcohol (up to 0.5% ABV). They aren’t suitable if you’re alcohol dependent or in recovery, or need or want to avoid alcohol for any other reason. Check your risk level Substituting standard alcoholic drinks for low alcohol products could help you reduce the amount of alcohol you drink, and keep to the UK low risk drinking guidelines – which brings important health benefits.

  1. But this only works if you drink them instead of any alcohol you usually drink, and don’t add it on top – otherwise you’ll be drinking more alcohol in total, not less.
  2. If you regularly drink more than the low risk drinking guidelines, you are increasing your chances of developing serious long-term health conditions,

How to reduce your drinking Is Benzyl Alcohol Alcohol

Is benzyl alcohol cancerous?

There are no human carcinogenicity data for benzyl alcohol.

Will benzyl alcohol show up on a breathalyzer?

Will Benzyl Alcohol Show Up on a Breathalyzer? – Yes, benzyl alcohol can show up on a breath test, Benzyl alcohol is found in Anbesol, an ingredient in many oral gels used to treat canker sores and toothaches. If a person has recently applied an oral gel and takes a breath test, they can test positive on breath test machines.

What is 0.9% benzyl alcohol?

Abstract – Bacteriostatic saline is a physiological saline solution containing the bacteriostatic agent benzyl alcohol as a 0.9% solution. It is used mostly for diluting and dissolving drugs for IV injection and as a flush for intravascular catheters. It also has local anesthetic properties. We studied its efficacy in decreasing the pain associated with IV administration of propofol and compared it with mixing lidocaine with propofol. One-hundred-twenty patients were randomly allocated into three groups. All patients received propofol 50 mg. The benzyl alcohol group received bacteriostatic saline as a preinjection, and the lidocaine group received propofol containing lidocaine. The placebo group did not receive bacteriostatic saline or lidocaine. Fifteen of 39 patients (38%) in the benzyl alcohol group complained of pain on injection compared to 33 of 39 (84%) in the placebo group and 22 of 42 (52%) in the lidocaine group. Differences were significant between the benzyl alcohol and placebo groups (P < 0.01) and the lidocaine and placebo groups (P < 0.01). Preinjection with bacteriostatic saline decreases the incidence of pain associated with IV administration of propofol and is comparable to that of mixing lidocaine with propofol.

What is 10% benzyl alcohol?

pronounced as (ben’ zil al’ ka hol) Benzyl alcohol topical is no longer available in the United States. If you are currently using benzyl alcohol topical, you should call your doctor to discuss switching to another treatment. Benzyl alcohol lotion is used to treat head lice (small insects that attach themselves to the skin) in adults and children 6 months of age and older.

  1. It should not be used in children less than 6 months of age.
  2. Benzyl alcohol is in a class of medications called pediculicides.
  3. It works by killing the lice.
  4. Benzyl alcohol lotion will not kill lice eggs, so the medication must be used a second time to kill the lice that may hatch from these eggs.
  5. Topical benzyl alcohol comes as a lotion to apply to the scalp and hair.

It is usually applied to the scalp and hair in two or three treatments. The second treatment of benzyl alcohol lotion must be applied about one week after the first one. Sometimes a third treatment of benzyl alcohol lotion may be necessary. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand.

  1. Use benzyl alcohol lotion exactly as directed.
  2. Do not use more or less of it or use it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
  3. Your doctor will prescribe a specific amount of benzyl alcohol lotion based on your hair length.
  4. Be sure to use enough lotion to cover all of your scalp area and hair.
  5. Ask your pharmacist or doctor for a copy of the manufacturer’s information for the patient.

Read these instructions carefully. Benzyl alcohol lotion should only be used on the hair and scalp. Avoid getting benzyl alcohol lotion in your eyes. If benzyl alcohol lotion gets in your eyes, flush them with water right away. If your eyes are still irritated after flushing with water, call your doctor or get medical help right away.

What is the difference between ethanol and benzyl alcohol?

Answer. Answer: CH3CH2OH is the chemical formula of ethyl alcohol. whereas chemical formula of benzyl alcohol is C6H5CH2OH.

Is benzyl alcohol fatty alcohol?

Names for Alcohol on Skin-Care Ingredients Lists – Here are some of the ways you’ll see alcohol listed on skin-care ingredient labels:

Ethyl Alcohol This is also known as ethanol or grain alcohol, according to the FDA. Ethyl alcohol is denatured (see below), which allows it to be used in cosmetics. Denatured Alcohol (Alcohol Denat) To avoid paying taxes on the alcohol in cosmetics, companies use denatured alcohol, which is an ingredient that makes it taste so bitter you’d never want to drink it, per CosmeticsInfo.org, You’ll find denatured alcohol in makeup, lotions, fragrance, and skin- and hair-care products. It has several other names, too, including methyl alcohol and SD alcohol (e.g., 3-A, 30, 39-B, 39-C, 40-B, and 40-C). Isopropyl Alcohol You probably know this by its more common household name: rubbing alcohol. Find it used across a range of products, including for nail, hair, and skin care. It serves a variety of roles, including as an astringent, an antifoaming agent, and a solvent, according to CosmeticsInfo.org, Methyl Alcohol or Methanol Look for this in your bath products, notes CosmeticsInfo.org, It is considered a denatured alcohol. Benzyl Alcohol An alcohol naturally found in fruits and teas, per CosmeticsInfo.org, you’ll find it in soaps, cosmetics, cleansers, and hair products. Cetyl, Stearyl, Cetearyl, or Lanolin Alcohol These are fatty alcohols, making them vastly different than the traditional alcohols used in skin care, per the FDA. You can find these in hair conditioner, foundation, eye makeup, and skin moisturizers and cleansers, according to CosmeticsInfo.org, These help moisturize skin; when used in formulations, they also prevent oil and liquid from separating.

RELATED: The Skin-Care Glossary Every Woman Needs

What is bad about benzyl alcohol?

Abstract – Benzyl alcohol (CASRN: 100-51-6) is a clear, colorless liquid at room temperature that has gained broad use in commerce due to a wide range of advantageous properties including comparatively moderate toxicity, high polarity, solubility in water and other solvents, low vapor pressure, and faint pleasant aromatic scent.

  1. While its major commercial uses are in fragrances and in industrial processes as solvent and textile dye assistant, benzyl alcohol enjoys many other uses.
  2. It is an ingredient commonly found in consumer and healthcare products, and arises as a natural product in plants, fruits, tea, and wines.
  3. The principal routes of occupational exposure to benzyl alcohol are via inhalation and dermal contact where benzyl alcohol is produced or used.
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The general population may be exposed to this compound via dermal contact with consumer products, and to a lesser extent via inhalation of ambient air, ingestion of food, and drinking water. Its toxicity became notable when it was associated with the deaths of preterm infants.

  1. Chronic cancer studies have proven negative, as have the majority of genotoxicity studies.
  2. In humans, exposure to benzyl alcohol can produce irritation, allergic contact dermatitis, and central nervous system depression leading to convulsion, paralysis, and respiratory failure.
  3. Low concentrations of benzyl alcohol are used as a bacteriostatic agent in intravenous preparations.

In healthy individuals, it is rapidly oxidized to benzoic acid in the liver, and then it is excreted as hippuric acid (glycine conjugate). Only one state (Florida, USA) has set minimum contamination level goal as 2100 μg l − 1 in drinking water. Orally administered LD 50 doses for this compound range from 1360 to 1580 mg per kg body weight and 1230–3120 mg per kg bodyweight for mice and rats respectively.

Which alcohol is haram in Islam?

All alcohol or only wine debate – Early caliphs distributed cooked wine ( tilā’ ) to Muslim troops, considering that is was no longer intoxicating. However, fermentation could resume in the amphorae, and Caliph ‘Umar II had to prohibit drinking this beverage.

  1. Like the rationalist school of Islamic theology, the Muʿtazila, early Hanafi scholars upheld the unlawfulness of intoxication, but restricted its definition to fermented juice of grapes or grapes and dates.
  2. As a result, alcohol derived by means of honey, barley, wheat and millet such as beer, whisky or vodka was permitted according to Abu Hanifa and Abu Yusuf, although all forms of grape alcohol were banned absolutely.

This was in stark contrast to other schools of fiqh, which prohibit consumption of alcohol in all its forms, though Hanafis traced their view on intoxicants back to Umar ( d.644) and Abdullah ibn Masud ( c,653), Averroes, the Muslim Andalusi polymath and jurist, explained it thus in his encyclopedia of comparative Islamic jurisprudence, In their argument by way of reasoning they said that the Koran has explicitly laid down that the Illa (underlying cause) of prohibition of khamr is that it prevents the remembrance of God and breeds enmity and hatred found only in a certain quantity of the intoxicating liquor not in what is less than that; it follows therefore that only this quantity be prohibited.

Drinking grape-derived wine (punishment applicable on drinking “even a drop”). Intoxication from non-grape intoxicants (certainly prohibited from a religious-moral perspective, but may or may not qualify for criminal punishment).

As the second category of punishment was specific to the Hanafis (other schools punish drinking regardless of intoxication), they had to come with a legal definition of drunkenness. These definitions ranged from Ibn Qutaybah ‘s, ” whose intellect has left him so he does not understand a little or much (anything at all)” to Ibn Nujaym’s,” does not know (the difference) between a man and a woman or the earth from the sky”.

Hanafi understanding of Shariah not only permitted adherents to indulge in alcoholic beverages but they could do so up to a near point of total “annihilation”. However, from the 12th century, the Hanafi school embraced the general prohibition of all alcoholic prohibitions, in line with the other schools.

Alcohol derived from honey, wheat, barley or corn is haram when used as an intoxicant, in an amount that intoxicates. But, if not used in any such manner, and intended to use for medical purpose, hygiene, perfume, etc., then it would be permissible.

Is benzyl alcohol unsafe?

Safety of benzyl alcohol – Under the Government of Canada’s Chemicals Management Plan, we review and manage the potential risks that chemical substances can pose to Canadians and the environment. The first stage of the review process is a draft chemical risk assessment,

sunscreens body and face creams deodorants and antiperspirants

However, we are proposing that these products are not a concern when used sparingly. We are also proposing that:

benzyl alcohol is not harmful to the environment exposure to benzyl alcohol from other sources does not pose a risk to your health

Is benzyl alcohol natural?

What is Benzyl Alcohol? Zara Kassam BSc (Hons), MRes, PhD researcher Benzyl alcohol is a naturally occurring product, most commonly found in some teas, and foods including apricots, snap beans, cocoa, cranberries, mushrooms and honey. Benzyl Alcohol is also found in the essential oil of many plants, including jasmine, hyacinth and ylang-ylang.

Is benzyl alcohol halal in skincare?

It is recommended for fragrances, toiletries, make-up, skin-, sun-, body-, hair-, baby and oral care applications. Benzyl alcohol is Halal certified as well as Ecocert, COSMOS & NATRUE allowed.

Is benzyl alcohol a natural product?

Natural occurrences – Benzyl alcohol is produced naturally by many plants and is commonly found in fruits and teas. It is also found in a variety of essential oils including jasmine, hyacinth and ylang-ylang, It is also found in castoreum from the castor sacs of beavers. Benzyl esters also occur naturally.

Is 0.5% alcohol free halal?

Are all Non-Alcoholic Beers Haram? – Unless there is no alcohol inside the beer, all non-alcoholic drinks are without a doubt Haram or forbidden for Muslims to drink. Some Muslims try to stay on the safe side by avoiding everything related to alcohol; for example, the consumption of products that are manufactured inside the same place as where alcohol is being manufactured, or using perfumes which contain alcohol.

Is 0.5% alcohol alcohol free?

Alcohol-free: no more than 0.05%ABV. De-alcoholised: no more than 0.5% ABV. Low alcohol: no more than 1.2% ABV.

What does 0.0% alcohol mean?

This is how the terms alcohol-free and without alcohol differ – The definitions of terms are clearly regulated under German food law, but they have not yet arrived in common usage. The designations differ in the following detail:

A non-alcoholic drink can contain up to 0.5% alcohol by volume, A drink without alcohol, on the other hand, guarantees that it contains no, i.e.0.0 percent by volume, alcohol,

Will benzyl alcohol show up on a breathalyzer?

Will Benzyl Alcohol Show Up on a Breathalyzer? – Yes, benzyl alcohol can show up on a breath test, Benzyl alcohol is found in Anbesol, an ingredient in many oral gels used to treat canker sores and toothaches. If a person has recently applied an oral gel and takes a breath test, they can test positive on breath test machines.

What is alcohol free?

Alcohol-free: no more than 0.05%ABV. De-alcoholised: no more than 0.5% ABV. Low alcohol: no more than 1.2% ABV.

Is benzyl alcohol an alcohol or phenol?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Benzyl alcohol

Names
Preferred IUPAC name Phenylmethanol (Hydroxymethyl)benzene
Other names Benzyl alcohol α-Cresol α-Toluenol α-Hydroxytoluene alpha-Hydroxyphenylmethane Phenylcarbinol Benzenemethanol Benzyl hydroxide Benzylic acid
Identifiers
CAS Number

100-51-6

3D model ( JSmol )
  • Interactive image
  • Interactive image
ChEBI

CHEBI:17987

ChEMBL

ChEMBL720

ChemSpider

13860335

ECHA InfoCard 100.002.600
EC Number

202-859-9

E number E1519 (additional chemicals)
KEGG

D00077

PubChem CID

244

RTECS number

DN3150000

UNII

LKG8494WBH

CompTox Dashboard ( EPA )

DTXSID5020152

InChI
SMILES
Properties
Chemical formula C 7 H 8 O
Molar mass 108.140 g·mol −1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Slightly aromatic
Density 1.044 g/cm 3
Melting point −15.2 °C (4.6 °F; 257.9 K)
Boiling point 205.3 °C (401.5 °F; 478.4 K)
Solubility in water 3.50 g/100 mL (20 °C) 4.29 g/100 mL (25 °C)
Solubility in other solvents Soluble in benzene, methanol, chloroform, ethanol, ether, acetone
log P 1.10
Vapor pressure 0.18 kPa (60 °C)
Acidity (p K a ) 15.40
Magnetic susceptibility (χ) −71.83·10 −6 cm 3 /mol
Refractive index ( n D ) 1.5396
Viscosity 5.474 cP
Dipole moment 1.67 D
Thermochemistry
Std molar entropy ( S ⦵ 298 ) 217.8 J/(K·mol)
Std enthalpy of formation (Δ f H ⦵ 298 ) −352 kJ/mol
Pharmacology
ATC code P03AX06 ( WHO )
Hazards
NFPA 704 (fire diamond) 1 1 0
Flash point 93 °C (199 °F; 366 K)
Autoignition temperature 436 °C (817 °F; 709 K)
Explosive limits 1.3–13%
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
LD 50 ( median dose ) 1250 mg/kg (rat, oral)
Safety data sheet (SDS) External MSDS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa). verify ( what is ?) Infobox references

Benzyl alcohol (also known as α- Cresol ) is an aromatic alcohol with the formula C 6 H 5 CH 2 OH. The benzyl group is often abbreviated “Bn” (not to be confused with “Bz” which is used for benzoyl ), thus benzyl alcohol is denoted as BnOH. Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor.

Does benzyl benzoate contain alcohol?

Benzyl benzoate is a naturally occurring molecule found in some plants and is made up of benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid.

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