Introduction – Isopropanol, or isopropyl alcohol, is a clear, colorless liquid that emits an odor that resembles acetone. It is a commercially available product that mainly is found as a 70% solution in rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizers. Unlike the other toxic alcohols, isopropanol rarely causes death and is associated with ketosis without acidosis.
Is isopropanol the same as alcohol?
– No – isopropyl alcohol and rubbing alcohol are not the same thing. Isopropyl alcohol is pure alcohol and is a colorless liquid with a musty, sharp odor. There are no other ingredients in a bottle of isopropyl alcohol. By contrast, rubbing alcohol contains isopropyl alcohol among other ingredients, such as water.
Is isopropanol 100% alcohol?
Isopropyl Alcohol 100%
- Isopropyl Alcohol 100% Technical Grade
- High evaporation, quick drying rate
- Effective for cleaning house holds
Isopropyl Alcohol 100% is our most popular grade for isopropyl. The high purity in the isopropyl alcohol means that it is great for cleaning as you simply wipe onto the surface and within seconds it evaporates off leaving no residue behind. You can use isopropyl alcohol 100% for a variety of applications such as cleaning, disinfecting, cleaning mirrors, stainless, using it for 3D printers, removes sticky residue, cleans glass, hand sanitiser and much more.
- Household cleaner and is great for cleaning kitchens, bathrooms, and other surface areas: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Cleans sticky grime and residue: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Perfect for cleaning computer screens, phones, iPad screen, and is non-streaking: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- General window cleaner: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Removes ink: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Cleans glass: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Used to remove the old tobacco from inside the pipe: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Use on granite, wood floors and upholstery: 1/4 Isopropyl Alcohol, 3 drops dish detergent, 1 cup of water and a couple of essential oil.
- Clean venetian blinds: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Erase permanent markers: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Hand Sanitiser: 3/4 cup Isopropyl Alcohol and 1/4 aloe vera gel
- Stainless Steel Cleaner
- Make up brush cleanser: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Fixes broken powder foundation make-up and eyeshadow: 3/4 cup Isopropyl Alcohol and 1/4 water
- Sanitise and clean make up brushes: Soak in 100% Isopropyl Alcohol and allow to air dry.
Industrial & DIY Uses:
- More efficient than alcohol wipes
- Used for ink painting
- Take paint off vinyl dolls: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Cleaning mealy bugs from succulents: 1/2 cup Isopropyl Alcohol and 1/2 water
- Cleans the residue built up on the 3D printer: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Perfect for Art applications – especially for watercolours and colour dye
- Prevent the windows from getting frost-free and dissolve the windshield frost: 3/4 cup Isopropyl Alcohol and 1/4 water
- Reed Diffusers: Splash of Isopropyl Alcohol, ¼ carrier oil, and 12 drops essential oils.
- Kill mealy bugs: Use 70% Isopropyl Alcohol (more moisture = longer time to kill the bugs before it evaporates)
- Use as a disinfectant when removing ticks from dogs: Use 70% Isopropyl Alcohol
- Deters fruit flies: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Silk plant and flower cleaner: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Used in gardening to remove dead, diseased and rotting plants: Use 100% Isopropyl Alcohol Straight
- Growing Mushrooms: 70% is more effective at killing bacteria and unwanted fungas.70% is better as it doesn’t evaporate as quickly as 90% and above, meaning that it has time to enter the cell wall of the bacterium and kill it.
Differences in Percentages 90 – 100% The higher percentages of Isopropyl Alcohol are used for cleaning purposes like disinfecting, window cleaning, stainless steel cleaner and when you need to kill bacteria, as well as many other uses. The higher the percentage like Isopropyl Alcohol 100% the greater the evaporation rate, and it is great as it dries faster.
- The high grades of Isopropyl Alcohol 100% are suitable for the majority uses and is commonly used by industrial users and cleaners.
- Below 70% A common percentage is Isopropyl Alcohol 70%, which is the grade recommended for rubbing alcohol when applying it to the skin.
- The lower grade of Isopropyl Alcohol 70% means that it is not as harsh to the skin, but it is still effective.
Also, the lower grade is great for getting rid of the bugs off the plants and also disinfecting as the water content mixed with the alcohol fights against growing viruses and fungus. So which one should you get? No matter what the percentage, Isopropyl Alcohol 100%, Isopropyl Alcohol 99% or Isopropyl Alcohol 70% are beneficial product to have in the workshop and household.
- Keep out of reach of children.
- Keep away from sources of ignition – no smoking.
- Avoid contact with eyes.
- Take precautionary measures against static discharges.
- Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
- Eliminate all ignition sources. Remove leaking containers.
- Contain and absorb on suitable chemical material.
- Restrict access to area.
Firefighters MUST wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus.
- If Swallowed contact a doctor or poison information center immediately and show container or label.
- In case of contact with eyes rinse immediately with plenty of water and contact a doctor or poison information center.
- In case of contact with skin, wash contacted area with soap and water.
- If inhaled remove to fresh air.
- If not breathing, give artificial respiration.
- Prevent material entering sewers.
For more details refer to MSDS. For emergencies, please call: Information Regarding Pick Up Can I pick it up? Yes, we are located in Penrith. Unit 3, 10 Production Place Jamisontown NSW 2750. Are we open to the public? Yes, we are. You can buy direct from us by paying card or cash. You don’t need to be a business customer to buy.
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- Below are commonly asked questions.
- All answers provided are merely recommendations.
- Please do further research and test yourself.
- If you have any questions please feel free to ask.* What is the difference in the percentage of 70% Isopropyl Alcohol and 100% Isopropyl Alcohol? 70% has more moisture content than the 100% which can make it suitable for rubbing alcohol as it is not as harsh on the skin.
Also, 70% works better as the extra water content means that it will stay on the surface longer giving it time to process. The 100% works better for cleaning surfaces such as electronics, mirrors, benches, etc. as it will evaporate quickly off and won’t leave any product behind.
Can you use Isopropyl alcohol to extract oil from plants? We have not tested isopropyl alcohol to extract oil but many of our customers use it. When it comes to deciding between isopropyl alcohol and ethanol to extract many lean towards ethanol as it is grain based whereas isopropyl alcohol is petroleum based.
Ethanol available here. What is the difference between isopropyl and rubbing alcohol? Isopropyl alcohol is pure alcohol whereas rubbing alcohol is generally diluted to 60-70% Isopropyl alcohol and about 30% is water. Rubbing alcohol is usually used as a skin disinfectant like isocol.
- What is isopropyl alcohol used for? There are many uses for isopropyl alcohol, but the main use is for cleaning e.g.
- Electronics, mirrors, disinfecting benches, stainless steel, etc.
- And so much more.
- Check out our uses here.
- Is methylated spirits the same as isopropyl alcohol? / Is ethanol the same as isopropyl alcohol? Short answer is no.
They both are defined as alcohols however methylated spirits and ethanol are characterised as grain alcohol whereas isopropyl alcohol is petroleum based. Two different products but they have similar uses such as disinfecting. In terms of heating, ethanol is recommended for ethanol heaters whereas isopropyl alcohol is not as it will burn black and quickly.
- Can you use Isopropyl alcohol on the skin? Common answer is yes.
- It can be used to disinfect a wound and some people use it for clearing up the skin.
- However you should always do your own research and it will always be based on the individuals skin type.
- What is the difference between 99% and 100% isopropyl alcohol? There is a 1% isopropyl alcohol difference.
Most people prefer 100% isopropyl alcohol unless it is advised to use 99%. Can I drink isopropyl alcohol? No. The product is poisonous. What happens when you mix isopropyl alcohol and water? When you add water to isopropyl alcohol it will dilute the strength of the alcohol and the evaporation rate as there is more moisture.
How much alcohol is in isopropanol?
Ingesting or inhaling rubbing alcohol can quickly lead to alcohol poisoning—even death – There are three types of alcohol classified by chemists: isopropyl, methyl and ethyl alcohol. Most types of rubbing alcohol are made from isopropyl alcohol, with concentrations of 68-99 percent alcohol in water.
It’s colorless, tastes horrible, smells like fingernail polish remover and can be found in antiseptic hand sanitizers, antifreeze, household cleaners, paint thinner, personal care products and sterilizers commonly used in medical settings (it’s nicknamed a “surgical spirit” in the United Kingdom). In order to make this substance unpleasant to drink, isopropyl alcohol is spliced with chemicals in a laboratory to give it a bitter taste.
Methyl alcohol, methanol and wood alcohol—named because it was once produced as a byproduct of the destructive distillation of wood—are all the same type of alcohol. Methyl alcohol is commonly found in paint remover/thinner, carburetor fluid, antifreeze, windshield wiper fluid, octane boosters, copy machines, canned fuels for boats or camp stoves, or—very commonly—converted to formaldehyde.
It’s colorless, flammable, smells strong and can be absorbed through the eyes, skin, lungs and digestive system. Symptoms of ingesting the substance include difficulty breathing, blurred vision or blindness (formaldehyde can damage optic nerves), low blood pressure, fatigue, and damage to the nervous system, stomach and intestines.
Ethyl alcohol, widely known as ethanol, grain alcohol or drinking alcohol, is found in alcoholic beverages. It’s colorless, flammable and—when denatured (think: chemicals added to discourage recreational consumption)—can be used as a fuel additive or topical antiseptic.
Beer: 3-10 percent Wine: 8-14 percent Fortified wine: 16-22 percent Liqueurs: 15-25 percent Hard liquor: 40 percent on up
In contrast, store-bought rubbing alcohol is 70 percent isopropyl alcohol, or 140-proof when measured in ethanol terms. It’s metabolized differently, causing the body to become overwhelmed by the toxins.
Can I use alcohol instead of isopropyl?
Are Rubbing Alcohol And Isopropyl Alcohol The Same? – The answer is no. Isopropyl alcohol and rubbing alcohol are not the same. Rubbing alcohol consists of isopropyl alcohol and some water. Sometimes it contains other additional ingredients. On the other hand, isopropyl alcohol is pure alcohol with little to no water and other ingredients.
Is 70% isopropyl alcohol?
Medically Reviewed by Carmelita Swiner, MD on November 30, 2022 You can buy rubbing alcohol with a concentration of 70% or 99% isopropyl alcohol. Even though you may think the higher concentration is more effective, experts say 70% is actually better for disinfecting. It has more water, which helps it to dissolve more slowly, penetrate cells, and kill bacteria. The disinfecting power of rubbing alcohol drops at concentrations higher than 80%-85%. Rubbing alcohol works as a natural, less toxic way to get rid of pests on your houseplants. Wipe the insect with a cotton swab dipped in it to stop small outbreaks of mealybugs, aphids, whiteflies, and scale crawlers. It’s common to feel sick to your stomach or throw up after surgery. It’s a side effect of the medicine that helps you to sleep (anesthesia). Some research studies show that breathing in rubbing alcohol on alcohol pads can help to soothe your stomach after surgery. It may work faster than standard anti-nausea medicines, but the effects are short-term. For years, doctors and parents sponged rubbing alcohol onto kids’ skin to treat fevers. It does make skin cooler to the touch, but today, science shows that alcohol is dangerous because it can soak into the skin and cause alcohol poisoning, coma, and even death, especially for babies and small children. Instead, bring down your child’s fever with medicine that has acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Spilled ink on your shirt and don’t have any stain remover? Try rubbing alcohol. The key is to act quickly before the stain dries – older ones are harder to get out. Cover the stain with a pad dampened with rubbing alcohol. Continue to change the pad as it soaks up the ink stain. You can use rubbing alcohol to clean some surfaces. For a DIY glass and window cleaner, mix 1 pint rubbing alcohol with ½ cup ammonia and ½ teaspoon liquid dish detergent. Add enough water to make a gallon and pour into spray bottles. To get bugs and tree sap off of your car, first wash your car and then dab some rubbing alcohol on leftover spots with a cloth. To make a cheap cold pack, pour a 1-1 solution of rubbing alcohol (70%) and water into a reusable storage bag, then pop it into the freezer. You can even add blue food coloring to make it look like a store-bought ice pack. It won’t get hard in the freezer. You can use it on minor sprains and strains. Mix a 1-to-1 solution of rubbing alcohol and white vinegar. Pour a little into each ear, then let it drain out. The mixture helps to restore your ear’s pH levels after an ear infection and dry them out after a long day at the pool. Never combine bleach with rubbing alcohol. It can release dangerous gases that may damage your lungs. Symptoms of chlorine gas exposure include burning in your eyes, throat, and lungs. You can mix a 50/50 solution of water and rubbing alcohol to disinfect your hard-surface countertops, like granite and quartz. Hospitals also sometimes use alcohol towelettes to get rid of germs on small surfaces like stethoscopes, scissors, and thermometers. You can make your own hand sanitizer at home with a few ingredients. Mix ⅔ cup of rubbing alcohol and ⅓ cup of aloe vera gel in a bowl until blended. You can add a few drops of essential oil, in a fragrance you like, to mask the alcohol smell if you want. You can use rubbing alcohol on some surfaces like marble, limestone, or terrazzo, but not on wood. The chemical will damage a wood finish. And while it’s safe to use in a pinch on coated leather, like in your car, over time, it will damage and discolor the leather. Use special cleaners made for leather and wood instead.
Is isopropanol safer than ethanol?
Isopropyl alcohol is generally safer than ethanol unless you spill large amounts of it on your skin, which can result in itching, cracking and redness. Ethanol is more dehydrating and causes skin discomfort whereas isopropyl alcohol evaporates faster.
Is isopropanol stronger than ethanol?
– Ethyl alcohol is safe for consumption in small amounts when it’s consumed in alcoholic beverages. But alcohol is linked to numerous negative health effects and over-consuming ethyl can lead to alcohol poisoning. Drinking isopropyl alcohol is extremely dangerous and can easily lead to alcohol poisoning.
Why is isopropanol toxic?
How to Cite This Chapter: Perri D, Klimaszyk D, Kołaciński Z, Szajewski J. Isopropyl Alcohol. McMaster Textbook of Internal Medicine. Kraków: Medycyna Praktyczna. https://empendium.com/mcmtextbook/chapter/B31.II.20.2.4. Accessed May 06, 2023. Last Updated: February 17, 2022 Last Reviewed: February 17, 2022 Chapter Information Unit conversion table: see Table 19.3-1, Isopropyl alcohol (isopropanol) is a solvent, antiseptic, and disinfectant often found in the home as a 70% solution (rubbing alcohol). It is sometimes used by alcohol abusers as a cheap substitute for ethanol. Unlike methanol and propylene glycol, isopropyl alcohol is not metabolized to toxic organic acids. It is well absorbed within 90 to 120 minutes and quickly distributes into body water. It is metabolized by alcohol dehydrogenase to acetone. Although rare and usually reported in children, toxicity may result from skin and inhalational exposure. Mechanism of toxicity : Isopropyl alcohol is 2 to 3 times more potent a central nervous system ( CNS ) depressant than ethanol. Its metabolism to acetone (another CNS depressant) can prolong sedation or coma. Large ingestions may lead to respiratory arrest, hypotension due to vasodilation, and myocardial suppression. It is very irritating to the gastrointestinal mucosa and gastritis is common. Toxic dose : Toxic ingestions have occurred at oral doses of 0.5 to 1 mL/kg of 70% isopropyl alcohol solution. Fatal ingestions have been reported with volumes of 200 to 250 mL, but this depends on individual tolerance and coingestions. Clinical Features Top 1. Isopropyl alcohol intoxication begins similar to ethanol intoxication with confusion, slurred speech, and postural instability, but with greater exposure (serum levels >25 mmol/L ) it can ultimately lead to coma, respiratory arrest, and hemodynamic instability. Acetone can contribute to CNS depression.2. Gastric symptoms including pain and vomiting are more prevalent than with other alcohols, and severe gastritis may present with hematemesis. Diagnosis Top The clinical diagnosis of isopropyl alcohol toxicity should be suspected with a history of ingestion, elevated osmolar gap, absence of a significant anion gap, and typical smell of isopropanol or acetone. Diagnostic Tests 1. Specific testing for the isopropyl alcohol serum level is available from most toxicology laboratories. Acetone can be detected in blood within 1 hour and in urine within 3 hours of ingestion of isopropyl alcohol. When not available, the serum level may be estimated from the osmolar gap (formulas: see Alcohols ).2. Other suggested investigations include electrolyte levels, blood glucose levels, blood urea nitrogen, osmolality (to calculate anion and osmolar gaps), as well as arterial blood gases. Ketones may be detected in blood and urine within 3 hours from ingestion. Oximetry and chest radiographs may be helpful for patients with a decreased level of consciousness or suspected aspiration. Treatment Top 1. Decontamination : Since isopropyl alcohol is rapidly absorbed, gastric emptying procedures (like aspiration of stomach contents) are unlikely to offer benefit unless patients with large ingestions present within 20 to 30 minutes of ingestion.2. Antidotes and specific therapies : There is no antidote. Ethanol and fomepizole are not necessary, as there are no toxic organic acids formed from isopropyl alcohol metabolism.3. Accelerated elimination : Hemodialysis can remove isopropyl alcohol and acetone but most patients are successfully treated with supportive care alone. Dialysis is rarely necessary and reserved for massive ingestions (isopropyl levels >80 mmol/L ), in the presence of acute kidney injury, and if hypotension does not respond to fluid resuscitation and vasoactive medication.4. Supportive care: 1) Ensure airway patency and intubate and assist ventilation if necessary.2) Watch for and treat coma and hypotension.
Why do we use 70% ethanol and not 100?
70% isopropyl alcohol is by far better at killing bacteria and viruses than 99% isopropyl alcohol. – As a disinfectant, 70% concentration of alcohol is the most effective at killing pathogens. Any higher or lower percentage will be less effective. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) did research on disinfecting and sanitizing methods and published the Use of the more concentrated solutions (99%) will result in almost immediate coagulation of surface or cell wall proteins and prevent passage of the alcohol into the cell.
When the outer membrane is coagulated, it protects the virus or bacteria from letting through the isopropyl (Widmer and Frei, 2011). Thus the stronger solution of isopropyl is creating a protection for the germ from the antiseptic properties of isopropyl, rendering the virus or bacteria more resilient against the isopropyl alcohol.
To put it simply, higher concentrations cause an external injury that forms a protective wall and shields the organism. Furthermore, 99% isopropanol evaporates very quickly which does not allow it to penetrate cell walls and kill bacteria, and therefore isn’t as good for disinfecting surfaces.
Coagulation of surface proteins proceeds at a slower pace, thereby allowing the alcohol to enter the cell.70% alcohol, being a dilution of absolute alcohol, contains water which is essential in the denaturing process of proteins. Due to the concentration difference of water and alcohol on either side of the cell wall, 70% alcohol enters the cell to denature both enzymatic and structural proteins. This increases the potency of its antimicrobial properties.
The CDC recommends 70% for disinfecting one’s household and routine cleaning (CDC, 2020)
Can I use vodka instead of isopropyl alcohol?
Since isopropyl alcohol is toxic to consume, it should be used on non-food surfaces. On the other hand, the scent of vodka is less noticeable than that of isopropyl alcohol and it can be used in food preparation areas.
Is 50% isopropyl alcohol?
Drug Label Information – Updated July 20, 2017 If you are a consumer or patient please visit this version.
ACTIVE INGREDIENT Active Ingredient (by volume) Isopropyl alcohol (50% conc.) PURPOSE Purpose Topical Antimicrobial INDICATIONS & USAGE Uses
decrease germs in minor cuts and scrapes. helps relieve minor muscular aches due to exertion.
WARNINGS Warnings For external use only
flammable, keep away from fire and flame will produce serious gastric disturbances if taken internally.
ASK DOCTOR Ask a doctor before use if you have deep puncture wounds serious burns WHEN USING When using this product
do not get into eyes or mucous membranes use only in a well-ventilated area
STOP USE Stop use and ask a doctor if condition persists or gets worse. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN Keep out of reach of children. In case of an accidental ingestion, contact a Poison Control Center immediately. DOSAGE & ADMINISTRATION Directions
apply to skin directly or with clean gauze, cotton or swab for rubbing, apply liberally and rub with hands
SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION Other information
does not contain, nor is intended as a substitute for grain or ethyl alcohol keep bottle tightly closed
INACTIVE INGREDIENT Inactive Ingredient Water (Aqua) PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL 50% ISOPROPYL RUBBING ALCOHOL Topical Antimicrobial 12 FL.OZ (354 mL)
Which is better alcohol or isopropyl alcohol?
– The CDC recommends choosing a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent ethyl or isopropanol alcohol and avoiding products that contain less than 60 percent. Both types of alcohol can kill bacteria, viruses, and other germs that can make you sick.
- Ethyl alcohol is effective at killing a large range of viruses, but this doesn’t include hepatitis A or poliovirus,
- Isopropyl alcohol isn’t as effective against a class of viruses called nonenveloped viruses but is effective at killing enveloped viruses.
- The virus that causes COVID-19 is an enveloped virus.
Both types of alcohol are effective at killing it, but ethyl may be more effective.
What is another name for isopropanol?
2-propanol is a flammable secondary alcohol with an isopropyl group linked to a hydroxyl group. Structurally, it is an isomer of 1-propanol and ethyl methyl ether. Standard Oil first produced 2-propanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol, in 1920 by hydrating propene.
- Today, it is used to make industrial and household chemicals, including antiseptics, disinfectants, and detergents.2-propanol and its metabolite, acetone, depress the central nervous system.
- Ingestion, inhalation, or skin absorption can cause poisoning.
- Poisoning symptoms include flushing, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, anesthesia, hypothermia, low blood pressure, shock, respiratory depression, and coma.
Vapor from 2-propanol is denser than air and flammable. It is important to keep it away from heat and open flames. It is also a skin irritant, so protective gloves are recommended for handling. Synonyms: Rubbing alcohol, propan-2-ol (IUPAC name), isopropyl alcohol, IPA, propyl alcohol, sec-propyl alcohol, s-propanol, iPrOH, i-PrOH, IpOH, dimethyl carbinol, and isopropanol.
Why use isopropanol instead of ethanol?
Choosing the Right Solvent: Sample Volume – If you are precipitating small volumes of DNA, and you can fit the required amount of solvent into the sample tube, then ice-cold ethanol is the preferred choice. You can chill it (in or at –80°C) to accelerate the precipitation without the risk of precipitating excess salt.
Afterwards, you need to wash the pellet with 70% ethanol to remove any salt present. Isopropanol is useful for large sample volumes e.g. the eluate you get after using a large volume plasmid kit. Because less isopropanol is needed for precipitation, you can often fit your sample and the solvent in one 15 ml tube.
However, because salts are generally less soluble in isopropanol than in ethanol, they tend to co-precipitate with DNA. To minimize the likelihood of salt precipitation, isopropanol precipitation is best at room temperature with short incubation times.
Once you recover the DNA or RNA pellet from the isopropanol, wash it with cold 70% ethanol to remove excess salt and to exchange the isopropanol for ethanol. It is ok to chill the isopropanol-precipitated sample if you are sure the sample doesn’t contain a lot of salt. Because DNA is less soluble in isopropanol, isopropanol allows precipitation of larger species and lower concentrations of nucleic acids than ethanol, especially if you incubate at low temperatures for long periods of time.
If you do this, just remember to wash the pellet several times in 70% ethanol after pelleting, to reduce the amount of salt you carry over.
What is isopropanol also known as?
Isopropanol Poisoning – Isopropyl alcohol, also known as “rubbing alcohol,” is a widely used solvent and is commonly found within the home as the cooling ingredient among topical liniments. Over 12,000 isopropanol exposures among children up to 19 years of age were reported to the AAPCC in 2003.1 Isopropyl alcohol toxicity may occur via the dermal and inhalation routes, such as may result during misguided sponge baths for fever.
Isopropanol is twice as potent as ethanol in terms of CNS depression. Altered mental status, when it occurs, typically manifests within 2 hours of ingestion.4 Hypotension may occur due to diuresis, peripheral vasodilation, and myocardial depression. In addition to an osmolal gap (see Table 134-1 ), ketonemia or ketonuria may occur.
Isopropyl alcohol is metabolized to acetone by alcohol dehydrogenase without the production of significant metabolic acidosis but may lead to hypoglycemia in young children, as was described for ethanol. Gastritis is common after ingestion. Patient care is supportive.