Why Not To Drink Alcohol?

Why Not To Drink Alcohol
Long-Term Health Risks – Over time, excessive alcohol use can lead to the development of chronic diseases and other serious problems including:

  • High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive problems.6,16
  • of the breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, voice box, liver, colon, and rectum.6,17
  • Weakening of the immune system, increasing the chances of getting sick.6,16
  • Learning and memory problems, including dementia and poor school performance.6,18
  • Mental health problems, including depression and anxiety.6,19
  • Social problems, including family problems, job-related problems, and unemployment.6,20,21
  • Alcohol use disorders, or alcohol dependence.5

By not drinking too much, you can reduce the risk of these short- and long-term health risks.

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention., Accessed April 19, 2022.
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  3. Sacks JJ, Gonzales KR, Bouchery EE, Tomedi LE, Brewer RD., Am J Prev Med 2015; 49(5):e73–e79.
  4. U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.9th Edition, Washington, DC; 2020.
  5. Esser MB, Hedden SL, Kanny D, Brewer RD, Gfroerer JC, Naimi TS., Prev Chronic Dis 2014;11:140329.
  6. World Health Organization., Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2018.
  7. Alpert HR, Slater ME, Yoon YH, Chen CM, Winstanley N, Esser MB., Am J Prev Med 2022;63:286–300.
  8. Greenfield LA., Report prepared for the Assistant Attorney General’s National Symposium on Alcohol Abuse and Crime. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, 1998.
  9. Mohler-Kuo M, Dowdall GW, Koss M, Wechsler H., Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2004;65(1):37–45.
  10. Abbey A., J Stud Alcohol Suppl 2002;14:118–128.
  11. Kanny D, Brewer RD, Mesnick JB, Paulozzi LJ, Naimi TS, Lu H., MMWR 2015;63:1238-1242.
  12. Naimi TS, Lipscomb LE, Brewer RD, Colley BG., Pediatrics 2003;11(5):1136–1141.
  13. Wechsler H, Davenport A, Dowdall G, Moeykens B, Castillo S., JAMA 1994;272(21):1672–1677.
  14. Kesmodel U, Wisborg K, Olsen SF, Henriksen TB, Sechler NJ., Alcohol & Alcoholism 2002;37(1):87–92.
  15. American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Substance Abuse and Committee on Children with Disabilities.2000., Pediatrics 2000;106:358–361.
  16. Rehm J, Baliunas D, Borges GL, Graham K, Irving H, Kehoe T, et al., Addiction.2010;105(5):817-43.
  17. International Agency for Research on Cancer. Personal Habits and Indoor Combustions: A Review of Human Carcinogens, Volume 100E 2012. Available from:,
  18. Miller JW, Naimi TS, Brewer RD, Jones SE., Pediatrics.2007;119(1):76-85.
  19. Castaneda R, Sussman N, Westreich L, Levy R, O’Malley M., J Clin Psychiatry 1996;57(5):207–212.
  20. Booth BM, Feng W., J Behavioral Health Services and Research 2002;29(2):157–166.
  21. Leonard KE, Rothbard JC., J Stud Alcohol Suppl 1999;13:139–146.
  • : Alcohol Use and Your Health

    Who should avoid drinking alcohol Why?

    Dietary Guidelines for Alcohol

    • Alcohol consumption is associated with a variety of short- and long-term health risks, including motor vehicle crashes, violence, sexual risk behaviors, high blood pressure, and various cancers (e.g., breast cancer).1
    • The risk of these harms increases with the amount of alcohol you drink. For some conditions, like some cancers, the risk increases even at very low levels of alcohol consumption (less than 1 drink).2,3
    • To reduce the risk of alcohol-related harms, the recommends that adults of legal drinking age can choose not to drink, or to drink in moderation by limiting intake to 2 drinks or less in a day for men or 1 drink or less in a day for women, on days when alcohol is consumed.4 The Guidelines also do not recommend that individuals who do not drink alcohol start drinking for any reason and that if adults of legal drinking age choose to drink alcoholic beverages, drinking less is better for health than drinking more.4 Why Not To Drink Alcohol
    • Two in three adult drinkers report drinking above moderate levels at least once a month.5

    The Guidelines note that some people should not drink alcohol at all, such as:

    • If they are pregnant or might be pregnant.
    • If they are younger than age 21.
    • If they have certain medical conditions or are taking certain medications that can interact with alcohol.
    • If they are recovering from an alcohol use disorder or if they are unable to control the amount they drink.4

    The Guidelines also note that not drinking alcohol also is the safest option for women who are lactating. Generally, moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages by a woman who is lactating (up to 1 standard drink in a day) is not known to be harmful to the infant, especially if the woman waits at least 2 hours after a single drink before nursing or expressing breast milk.

    • The Guidelines note, “Emerging evidence suggests that even drinking within the recommended limits may increase the overall risk of death from various causes, such as from several types of cancer and some forms of cardiovascular disease. Alcohol has been found to increase risk for cancer, and for some types of cancer, the risk increases even at low levels of alcohol consumption (less than 1 drink in a day).” 4
    • Although past studies have indicated that moderate alcohol consumption has protective health benefits (e.g., reducing risk of heart disease), recent studies show this may not be true.6-12 While some studies have found improved health outcomes among moderate drinkers, it’s impossible to conclude whether these improved outcomes are due to moderate alcohol consumption or other differences in behaviors or genetics between people who drink moderately and people who don’t.6-12
    • Most U.S. adults who drink don’t drink every day.13 That’s why it’s important to focus on the amount people drink on the days that they drink. Even if women consume an average of 1 drink per day or men consume an average of 2 drinks per day, increases the risk of experiencing alcohol-related harm in the short-term and in the future.14
    • Drinking at levels above the moderate drinking guidelines significantly increases the risk of short-term harms, such as injuries, as well as the risk of long-term chronic health problems, such as some types of cancer.1,15,16
    1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention., Accessed April 18, 2022.
    2. Di Castelnuovo A, Costanzo S, Bagnardi V, Donati M, Iacoviello L, de Gaetano G., Arch Intern Med 2006;166(22):2437-45.
    3. Rehm J, Shield K. Alcohol consumption. In: Stewart BW, Wild CB, eds., Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2014
    4. U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.,9th Edition, Washington, DC; 2020.
    5. Henley SJ, Kanny D, Roland KB, et al., Alcohol Alcohol 2014;49(6):661-7.
    6. Chikritzhs T, Fillmore K, Stockwell T., Drug Alcohol Rev 2009;28:441–4.
    7. Andréasson S, Chikritzhs T, Dangardt F, Holder H, Naimi T, Stockwell T., In: Alcohol and Society 2014, Stockholm: IOGT-NTO & Swedish Society of Medicine, 2014.
    8. Knott CS, Coombs N, Stamatakis E, Biddulph JP., BMJ 2015;350:h384.
    9. Holmes MV, Dale CE, Zuccolo L, et al. BMJ 2014;349:g4164
    10. Naimi TS, Brown DW, Brewer RD, et al., Am J Prev Med 2005;28(4):369–73.
    11. Rosoff DB, Davey Smith G, Mehta N, Clarke TK, Lohoff FW., PLoS Med 2020;17:e1003410.
    12. Biddinger KJ, Emdin CA, Haas ME, et al., JAMA Netw Open 2022;5(3):e223849.
    13. Naimi TS., J Stud Alcohol Drug 2011;72:687.
    14. Holahan CJ, Holahan CK, Moos RH., Am J Prev Med 2022 (in press);10.1016.
    15. Vinson DC, Maclure M, Reidinger C, Smith GS. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 2003;64:358-66.
    16. Nelson DE, Jarman DW, Rehm J, et al. Am J Public Health 2013;103(4):641-8.
  • : Dietary Guidelines for Alcohol

    Is no amount of alcohol healthy?

    T he safest amount of alcohol to drink is none, according to new guidance from the Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. That’s a marked change from Canada’s previous national guidance on alcohol consumption, which advised women to have no more than 10 drinks per week and men no more than 15.

    1. By contrast, the new report says those who drink only one or two boozy beverages per week “will likely avoid” alcohol-related health consequences including chronic diseases, liver injury, and accidents—but the safest choice, it says, is not to drink at all.
    2. To researchers who study alcohol, that recommendation isn’t surprising.

    The new report reflects a long-brewing shift in the way scientists and health-care providers think about the risks and benefits of alcohol, and follows a similar statement from the World Health Organization (WHO) released Jan.4. For “the past 20-plus years the evidence has been building and building that alcohol is not good for your health,” says John Callaci, a researcher with Loyola University Chicago’s Alcohol Research Program.

    • If you grew up believing that a glass of red wine per night is good for your heart, you’re not alone.
    • Decades ago, lots of studies suggested that light to moderate drinking—often defined as no more than a drink per day for women or two drinks per day for men—is beneficial for cardiovascular health.
    • That finding stuck, both among the public and policymakers.

    But Callaci says more recent research has called those older studies’ findings into question. Some researchers didn’t adequately account for underlying differences between non-drinkers (some of whom abstain because they have health problems) and light drinkers (who might have healthier lifestyles overall).

    1. So while it looked like light drinkers were healthier than non-drinkers, the booze may not have been the reason.
    2. While some modern studies have found benefits associated with small amounts of alcohol, there’s been a shift in scientific consensus over the past couple decades.
    3. Researchers reexamined some previously published data on alcohol use, this time accounting for the “abstainer bias”—the idea that some people don’t drink because they have health or prior substance-abuse issues—and found little to no benefit associated with light drinking,
    See also:  When Are U An Alcoholic?

    In 2022, the World Heart Federation released a policy brief debunking the notion that alcohol is heart-healthy. “Contrary to popular opinion, alcohol is not good for the heart,” the report says, noting that some studies that show cardiovascular benefits from drinking are flawed and more recent research points to a host of chronic conditions linked to alcohol.

    In the past year alone, studies have found that alcohol consumption may accelerate genetic aging, shrink the brain, and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, Alcohol is also considered a known human carcinogen and has been linked to a variety of cancers, including those of the breast, liver, colon, throat, mouth, and esophagus.

    Cancer was a focus of the WHO’s recent statement on alcohol, The agency noted that half of all alcohol-related cancers diagnosed in Europe are caused by light or moderate drinking, a consumption pattern that is common across the region. (About 8% of European Union adults drink daily and about 29% drink weekly, data show,) There is no proven threshold at which booze is risk-free, according to the WHO.

    • We cannot talk about a so-called safe level of alcohol use.
    • It doesn’t matter how much you drink—the risk to the drinker’s health starts from the first drop of any alcoholic beverage,” Dr.
    • Carina Ferreira-Borges, regional advisor for alcohol and illicit drugs in the WHO’s European office, said in the statement.

    Canada’s recent report made a similar point, arguing that, “Drinking alcohol, even a small amount, is damaging to everyone, regardless of age, sex, gender, ethnicity, tolerance for alcohol or lifestyle.” Other countries haven’t come out as strongly against alcohol.U.S.

    1. Federal nutrition guidelines recommend that men have no more than two drinks per day and women no more than one.
    2. They do say that “drinking less is better for health than drinking more,” but stop short of recommending abstinence.
    3. Australia, meanwhile, recommends no more than 10 drinks per week, and no more than four in a single day.

    New Zealand says women may have up to 10 per week and men up to 15, but suggests taking at least two alcohol-free days per week. The U.K. recommends drinking no more than six glasses of wine or beer per week. “There’s no completely safe level of drinking,” its guidance says, “but sticking within these guidelines lowers your risk of harming your health.” Dr.

    Denise Hien, director of the Rutgers Center of Alcohol and Substance Use Studies, says it’s difficult to issue blanket recommendations around drinking because risks vary from person to person depending on their demographics, overall health, lifestyle choices, and genetic predisposition to certain conditions.

    “That one glass of wine for me may not be the same as for someone else,” she says. Still, while it’s difficult to make specific recommendations about how much an entire population should—or should not—be drinking, Hien says no one should pour themselves a glass of wine for wellness purposes.

    1. Having a cocktail now and then might not harm health, she says, but that’s not the same as helping it.
    2. Callaci, for his part, thinks there’s enough evidence to suggest that zero drinking is the safest choice—but he doubts the U.S.
    3. Would issue such a recommendation any time soon. The U.S.
    4. Isn’t as proactive as many other countries on public-health issues, and the alcohol industry has a huge amount of money and political power, he says.

    Plus, drinking is deeply embedded in U.S. culture and that’s unlikely to change overnight. It took decades for smoking rates to fall to their current historically low levels, even after U.S. public-health authorities began sounding the alarm about associated health risks.

    1. Cultural perceptions of alcohol may evolve in a similar way, Callaci says, but only if public-health officials are willing to send strong signals, like putting more extensive warning labels on alcohol packaging or releasing policy statements like those seen elsewhere. The U.S.
    2. Isn’t there yet, “but at least we can start telling people to cut back on their alcohol consumption,” Callaci says.

    “Maybe that’s the first step.” Write to Jamie Ducharme at [email protected],

    When should you never drink?

    Never drink alcohol when you’ve taken medication, including sedatives and painkillers – Many prescription medicines shouldn’t be paired with alcohol. Lucas Jackson/Reuters Sedatives such as over-the-counter sleeping aids or prescription medications work by depressing your central nervous system, meaning that vital functions like your breathing and heart rate will slow when you take a sedative.

    This is how sedatives help you feel relaxed or sleepy. Alcohol is also a central nervous system depressant. Combining a sedative medication and alcohol can amplify the effects of both, leading a person to feel extremely sleepy, disoriented, and confused. In some cases, the effects can be strong enough to cause seizures, breathing problems, unconsciousness, and death.

    Drinking before or after taking common painkillers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can also be dangerous, Alcohol can interact with ibuprofen and other NSAIDs to cause stomach bleeding, and drinking while taking acetaminophen can cause liver damage when done in large amounts.

    Am I ok to drink alcohol?

    No level of alcohol consumption is safe for our health The risks and harms associated with drinking alcohol have been systematically evaluated over the years and are well documented. The World Health Organization has now published a statement in The Lancet Public Health: when it comes to alcohol consumption, there is no safe amount that does not affect health.

    Is it smart to not drink alcohol?

    Long-term benefits – Good health is a really important factor in how satisfied we feel with our lives.5 And by taking the decision to stop drinking, you could reduce your risk of developing many serious alcohol-related diseases. Alcohol is linked to seven different types of cancer including bowel cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer and mouth cancer.6,7 Giving up drinking could also have a big, positive impact on your liver and should reduce the chances of developing liver disease, as long as it hasn’t already been irreversibly damaged.8,9 Your level of risk will depend on how much alcohol you have drunk over the long-term, as well as other factors like family history and lifestyle.

    Heart disease, stroke 10 and high blood pressure 11 Liver disease 12 Sexual dysfunction 13 Gut problems 14

    Stopping drinking could make your life feel brighter in all kinds of ways, as well as helping your long-term health. If you’re ready to stop, arming yourself with strategies and tips can help you or a loved one take small steps towards big results. Keep track of your drinking with the MyDrinkaware app

    What happens if you never drink?

    What Happens If You Don’t Drink Enough Water – Whatever you do, make sure you get in those six to eight glasses, otherwise dehydration could cause a whole host of problems. Here are a few side effects:

    Persistent headaches, One of the first things you might notice when you’re dehydrated is a throbbing headache. The good news? If dehydration is the cause, it should go away shortly after you drink a large glass of water. Sluggish bowel function, “There are water receptors in the colon, and they pull water from the body to make the stools softer,” says Dr. Moghaddam. “If you don’t get enough water, hard stools and constipation could be common side effects, along with abdominal pain and cramps.” Dull skin. Dehydration shows up on your face in the form of dry, ashy skin that seems less radiant, plump and elastic. Fatigue, If you’re not replenishing your fluid intake, your energy levels could plummet and you could experience fatigue and brain fog. So the next time you reach for another cup of coffee, see if it’s water that you need instead. Weight gain. “Sometimes people mistake thirst for hunger and they eat more, but really they just need to drink more,” says Dr. Moghaddam. “Sometimes if you have a glass of water, the hunger cues will go away.” Dry mouth. If you’re not getting enough water, you can have dry mucous membranes—i.e., a lack of saliva. This can make it difficult to talk, swallow, and even breathe. Luckily, this can easily be solved by drinking water.

    An important note: If you have heart failure, less water is better—you don’t want your body to retain too much fluid, forcing your heart to work harder. Aim for less than two liters daily from all liquid sources, says Dr. Moghaddam. If you have questions, talk to your doctor to see what is right for you.

    • For everyone else, while six to eight glasses is preferred, going to far above and beyond that won’t help you—in fact, drinking too much water can lead to brain swelling and fluid overload, says Dr.
    • Moghaddam.
    • Find a happy balance between six to eight glasses daily to stay healthy.
    • To find a doctor at Henry Ford, visit henryford.com or call 1-800-HENRYFORD (436-7936).

    Marjan Moghaddam, D.O., is a family medicine physician who sees patients at Henry Ford Medical Center in Capitol Park and Harbortown.

    Will I live longer if I don’t drink alcohol?

    Moderate Drinking and Longevity – Like so many questions around alcohol’s health effects, the picture is mixed when it comes to longevity. For example, one study following more than 333,000 adults for about eight years found light-to-moderate drinkers were more than 20 percent less likely to die prematurely from all causes and from cardiovascular disease in particular than people who never drank at all.

    1. In this study, heavy drinkers and binge drinkers were more than 10 percent more likely to die prematurely from all causes and 22 percent more apt to die from cancer.
    2. Similarly, a meta-analysis of data from 34 studies with more than one million participants also found a survival benefit to moderate drinking.
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    In this analysis, men who consumed up to four drinks a day were up to 17 percent less likely to die prematurely, while women who consumed up to two drinks daily had an 18 percent lower risk of premature death. But another large study that followed 600,000 drinkers over time found that moderate drinking may actually hasten death even when people limit their consumption to one or two drinks a day as recommended by U.S.

    dietary guidelines. In this study, adults who consumed 7 to 14 drinks a week had a six-month shorter life expectancy by age 40 than people who drank less often. And the meta-analysis published in JAMA Network Open that involved 107 studies with more than 4.8 million participants also found no longevity benefit for drinkers.

    This research showed that people who have one or two drinks a day have essentially the same risk of dying prematurely as people who’ve never had alcohol.

    Which alcohol is least harmful?

    15 of the Healthiest Alcoholic Drinks, Straight From Dietitians You don’t need alcohol to relax and unwind, but the practice is ritualized in our culture as one that helps you “let your hair down.” However, as we all know, “too much of a good thing can be, well, too much,” Ann Louise Gittleman, Ph.D., CNS, notes.

    • The most healthy way to drink is and alongside plenty of water to counterbalance the diuretic effects,” explains nutritionist,
    • Hardly groundbreaking news, but what exactly does drinking in moderation look like? “This is a tricky question because the line between healthy drinking and unhealthy drinking is really more about total consumption than individual drinks,” explains Poon.

    Gittleman advises, “one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men as moderate alcohol consumption.” Drinking in moderation can also help you avoid some of alcohol’s, “If you want to avoid other negative effects like, weight gain, and sleep disruption, stick to beverages that are lower in sugar, contain clear alcohol, and are lower in calories.

    • Drinking sugary beverages can disrupt your blood sugar and cause problems with,
    • Just the alcohol can send your blood sugar levels for a spin on its own, and the combination can create hypoglycemia,” which can contribute to that shaky feeling you might experience after a night of drinking.
    • You also want to regulate when you drink.

    Poon emphasizes, “The digestion of alcohol can really affect your sleep, and quality sleep is one of the most important factors in overall health. Researchers have found that it’s best to drink at least four hours before bedtime to avoid disrupting sleep.” Finally, some people should avoid drinking altogether.

    Poon makes the following recommendation. “Communities who would want to abstain completely would include pregnant women, people who struggle with alcohol abuse, people with certain conditions such as liver disease, and people who are on,” Gittleman adds that because alcohol is a central nervous system depressant, it’s important to check if any medications you’re taking are contraindicated.

    “This includes over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen,” she says, “which can interact with alcohol to cause when taken in large amounts. Other populations might want to to stay committed to a healthy lifestyle. “In my opinion,” says Poon, “abstaining from alcohol is helpful for people who are trying to and people who are training for an endurance event or preparing for a big presentation at work.

    1. Also, if you are having troubles with your digestion or with anxiety, you may want to consider abstaining from alcohol to see if it helps.” If, however, you fall outside these populations and choose to imbibe, some alcohol is healthier than others.
    2. As a rule of thumb, Poon suggests, “the simpler, the better.

    When choosing alcoholic beverages, avoid syrups, sweet mixers, sodas, and tonic water. Instead, stick to one or two ingredient drinks, high-quality clear alcohols, and hydrating mixers such as water and soda water.” In addition, Gittleman suggests adding herbal garnishes to drinks, like mint, basil, ginger, or rosemary, for flavor.

    • Ann Louise Gittleman, Ph.D., CNS, is the author of,
    • is a chef, nutritionist, reiki master, and the founder of Just Add Water and Culinary Alchemy.

    01 of 15 Red wine is widely recognized as one of the healthiest alcoholic drinks out there. Poon notes that it’s “relatively low in calories and also offers some health benefits.” She adds that red wine is rich in antioxidants such as resveratrol and proanthocyanidins and can promote cardiovascular health.

    Gittleman concurs, adding that “studies have shown that drinking a moderate amount with an alcohol content of 12% to 15% daily can help prevent heart disease.” She advises looking for red wines made from high-fiber Tempranillo grapes, such as Rioja, as these “have been shown to lower bad cholesterol levels.” Additionally, she says the ” in red wines also help to keep blood vessels flexible and may even lower the risk of cancer.” 02 of 15 While tequila is still technically classified as a depressant, it’s well-known as an “upper.” This concept is heavily debated, but there is some evidence that suggests tequila may not have as severe of depressive qualities compared to other alcohols.

    “Oftentimes, people report feeling better after drinking tequila,” says Poon. She points out that some ” indicate that it is possible that the sugars in tequila do not shift like other alcohols.” 03 of 15 Low in calories and sugar, a vodka soda is widely recognized as one of the healthier cocktail options in the bar.

    Plus, Poon notes that “soda water is hydrating, so it’s nice to mix a small amount of clear alcohol with a hydrating beverage. Then, add a splash of for a bit of vitamin C.” There are additional health benefits to the spirit, according to Gittleman. “Vodka, for example, can improve blood circulation and helps to develop collateral vessels which connect the heart to the lungs,” adds Gittleman.

    In addition, she advises you to opt for a gluten-free variety, like Tito’s, Blue Ice, Chopin, or Crystal Head.04 of 15 Fresh veggies make this cocktail a win-win. “I like Bloody Mary cocktails because they are full of vegetables!” says Poon. “You would want to keep consumption to a minimum, though, as each drink packs in quite a few calories.” Also, keep an eye out for garnishes and add-ins packed with sodium.05 of 15 A smoky flavor makes mezcal memorable on the palate.

    Sip it slowly to enjoy. Poon notes, “like tequila, mezcal doesn’t seem to as much as other alcohols,” which makes it a,06 of 15 Spritzers are ideal when the temperatures rise. “Though not particularly popular in the United States,” says Poon, “I do like the practice of mixing wine with sparkling water.

    Not only does this cut back on the alcohol and calorie content of each drink, but it also adds a hydrating element.” 07 of 15 Sparkling wines and Champagne can be a relatively healthy way to enjoy an indulgent cocktail. The key is to choose a dry variety.

    1. Says Poon.
    2. If you are worried about sugar consumption, dry champagne is the way to go!” 08 of 15 Mulled wines are popular around the holidays, but you can enjoy them year-round.
    3. Mulled wine pairs the antioxidants of red wine with a blend of healthful spices and herbs that can give your drink a therapeutic boost,” explains Poon.

    When selecting a wine, Gittleman advises you to opt for an organic variety. “Certified organic wines have less sugar, additives, and preservatives and may prevent headaches the next day,” she says.09 of 15 “Skinny” margaritas are hot (especially if you infuse yours with jalapeño) and delicious; plus, you can enjoy the fun of a “mixed drink” without the added sugars.

    The key here,” explains Poon, “is to ditch the bottled syrup and lime juice and stick with fresh lime, high-quality tequila, ice, and maybe a splash of soda water.” Your bartender will most likely know how to fashion one of these popular drinks.10 of 15 If a slight buzz is what you’re after, a hard kombucha might be a refreshing choice.

    “I like hard kombucha because they are naturally fermented and offer the probiotic benefits,” says Poon.11 of 15 Do you know low-calorie beer? Think again. Poon points out the latest trend: craft beers that are “sub-100 calories.” Plus, beer packs a pretty healthy punch.

    “An American Journal of the Medical Sciences study states that “beer contains more protein and B vitamins than wine,” notes Gittleman. “The antioxidants and flavonoids in beer are different than those in wine, but they still boast some hefty nutritional benefits along with other ingredients such as and even high levels of,” 12 of 15 A refreshing option, cider may, notes Poon, contain almost as many antioxidants as a glass of red wine.13 of 15 Palomas are on-trend—even better, when made with fresh-squeezed grapefruit juice, soda water, and tequila, they can be refreshingly healthy, or as Poon notes, ” healthier, ” than other mixed drink options.14 of 15 Poon says, “Depending on where you are, it might be possible to get a cocktail made with fresh-pressed green juices.” It’s super important that you avoid bottled green juices (often packed with sugar) and stick with a fresh-pressed variety.15 of 15 Opt for high-quality whiskey in your hot-toddy.

    Poon suggests mixing in “fresh lemon, fresh ginger, and honey” to add a healthful boost to your cocktail. Byrdie takes every opportunity to use high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our to learn more about how we keep our content accurate, reliable and trustworthy.

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    See also:  How To Get Rid Of Alcohol Belly?

    : 15 of the Healthiest Alcoholic Drinks, Straight From Dietitians

    Is there any reason to drink?

    9. For Fun – People generally tend to drink alcohol in order to have fun. Being drunk makes them feel happy and “spirited,” and drinking alcohol with friends can be a fun experience. If people are nervous in social situations, drinking helps them relax and have more fun.

    Who should stop drinking?

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    Home Print Link Share How much is too much?

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    What’s the harm?

    What is alcohol misuse? What are the harms? What are symptoms of alcohol use disorder?

    Thinking about a change?

    It’s up to you

    Pros & Cons Ready.or not? To cut down or to quit. Planning for a change

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    Home Thinking about a change It’s up to you To cut down or to quit, If you’re considering changing your drinking, you’ll need to decide whether to cut down or quit. It’s a good idea to discuss different options with a healthcare professional, a friend, or someone else you trust.

    1. Please note, when someone who has been drinking heavily for a prolonged period of time suddenly stops drinking, the body can go into a painful or even potentially life-threatening process of withdrawal.
    2. Symptoms can include nausea, rapid heart rate, seizures, or other problems.
    3. Seek medical help to plan a safe recovery.

    Doctors can prescribe medications to address these symptoms and make the process safer and less distressing. Quitting is strongly advised if you:

    Have tried cutting down but cannot stay within the limits you set. Have had alcohol use disorder (AUD) or now have any symptoms, Have a physical or mental health condition that is caused or being worsened by drinking. Are taking a medication that interacts with alcohol. Are or might be pregnant.

    If none of the conditions above apply to you, then talk with your doctor to determine whether you should cut down or quit based on factors such as:

    A family history of alcohol problems Your age A history of drinking-related injuries Symptoms such as a sleep, pain, or anxiety disorder and sexual dysfunction

    If you choose to cut down, see the 2020–2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and seek advice from a healthcare professional if needed.

    Who is most at risk for drinking?

    Who binge drinks? 1 –

    • Binge drinking is most common among younger adults aged 18–34.
    • Binge drinking is more common among men than among women.
    • Binge drinking is most common among adults who have higher household incomes ($75,000 or more), are non-Hispanic White, or live in the Midwest.
    • For some groups and states, binge drinking is not as common, but those who binge drink do so frequently or consume large quantities of alcohol.
    • One in four US adults who binge drink consume at least eight drinks during a binge occasion.1
    • Overall, 17 billion total binge drinks are consumed by adults annually, or 467 binge drinks per adult who binge drinks.4
    • Four out of five binge drinks are consumed by men.4
    • More than half of binge drinks are consumed by adults 35 and older.4
    • People with lower incomes and lower levels of education consume more binge drinks per year.4
    • Most people younger than 21 who drink alcohol report binge drinking, often consuming large amounts. Among high school students who binge drink, 44% consumed eight or more drinks in a row.5,6

    Binge drinking is associated with many health problems, 7–9 including:

    • Unintentional injuries such as, falls, burns, and,
    • Violence including homicide, suicide, intimate partner violence, and sexual assault.
    • Sexually transmitted diseases.
    • Unintended pregnancy and poor pregnancy outcomes, including miscarriage and stillbirth.
    • Sudden infant death syndrome.
    • Chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease, and liver disease.
    • of the breast (among females), liver, colon, rectum, mouth, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus.
    • Memory and learning problems.

    Read more about the CDC study that found that excessive drinking in the U.S is a drain on the American economy.

    Excessive drinking, including binge drinking, cost the United States $249 billion in 2010, or $2.05 per drink. These costs were from lost work productivity, health care expenditures, criminal justice costs, and other expenses. Binge drinking accounted for 77% of these costs, or $191 billion.2

    The recommends evidence-based interventions to binge drinking and related harms. Recommended strategies include:

    • Using pricing strategies, including increasing alcohol taxes.
    • Limiting the number of retail alcohol outlets in a given area.
    • Holding alcohol retailers responsible for the harms caused by illegal alcohol sales to minors or intoxicated patrons (dram shop liability).
    • Restricting access to alcohol by maintaining limits on the days and hours of alcohol retail sales.
    • Consistently enforcing laws against underage drinking and alcohol-impaired driving.
    • Maintaining government controls on alcohol sales (avoiding privatization).

    The also recommends screening and counseling for alcohol misuse in primary care settings.

    1. Bohm MK, Liu Y, Esser MB, Mesnick JB, Lu H, Pan Y, Greenlund KJ., MMWR 2021;70:41.
    2. Sacks JJ, Gonzales KR, Bouchery EE, Tomedi LE, Brewer RD., Am J Prev Med 2015;49:e73–e79.
    3. Esser MB, Hedden SL, Kanny D, Brewer RD, Gfroerer JC, Naimi TS., Prev Chronic Dis 2014;11:140329.
    4. Kanny D, Naimi TS, Liu Y, Lu H, Brewer RD., Am J Prev Med 2018;54:486–496.
    5. Jones CM, Clayton HB, Deputy NP, et al., MMWR Suppl 2020;69(Suppl-1):38–46.
    6. Esser MB, Clayton H, Demissie Z, Kanny D, Brewer RD. MMWR 2017;66:474-476.
    7. World Health Organization., Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2018.
    8. Naimi TS, Lipscomb LE, Brewer RD, Colley BG., Pediatrics 2003;11:1136–1141.
    9. Iyasu S, Randall LL, Welty TK, et al.,2002;288:2717–2723.
  • : Binge Drinking

    Who doesn t drink alcohol?

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Share of over-fifteen-year-old population who reportedly have never drunk alcohol ( interactive version ). Global average is 45%. Share of over-fifteen-year-old population who haven’t drunk alcohol in the past year ( interactive version ). Only Luxembourg has a Ireland and Switzerland a <20% rate. In most countries, it exceeds a third. Teetotalism is the practice or promotion of total personal abstinence from the consumption of alcohol, specifically in alcoholic drinks, A person who practices (and possibly advocates) teetotalism is called a teetotaler or teetotaller, or is simply said to be teetotal, Globally, almost half of adults do not drink alcohol (excluding those who used to drink but have stopped). A number of temperance organisations have been founded in order to promote teetotalism and provide spaces for non-drinkers to socialise.

    Who is most at risk for alcohol addiction?

    Educational Factors – The more highly educated an individual is, the more likely they are to consume alcohol. In the United States, 80% of college graduates drink; only 52% of individuals with no college drink. College graduates who drink are 61% more likely to say that they have consumed alcohol within the last 24 hours than non-college graduates who drink.

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